A person who studies law in Nigeria is referred to as a lawyer. In Nigeria, the practice of law is fused together. This means that once a person has been conferred with the status of a lawyer, he becomes a barrister and solicitor of the Supreme Court of Nigeria. As such, there's no limit to the legal work he has the power to do unlike in some other countries where law practice is separate and distinct from each other.
A solicitor is a lawyer who spends most of his time in his office, drafting documents and giving legal advice to the people in need of it. This type of lawyer doesn't go to court to represent clients, except in cases where there is an urgent need for such.
A barrister is a lawyer who majorly represents his client in court. He is also referred to as an advocate because he speaks for his clients and fights their cause in the courtroom. This type of lawyer also drafts documents, but most times the documents are related to the matter or proceedings in the courtroom.
A SAN is an abbreviation for Senior Advocate of Nigeria. It is a status conferred on lawyers who have proved themselves as being exceptional in the practice of law. Such lawyer must have spent a minimum of 12 years either in active practice of law or in the academic field. He or she must also fulfill certain other obligations expected in order to get the privilege of being referred to as a Senior Advocate of Nigeria
A SAN enjoys certain privileges that other lawyers do not enjoy. They can sit at the inner bar, wear a wig and robe different from the ones of other lawyers, call their cases out of turn, and appear in civil cases with other junior colleagues following them.
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