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Horn Of Africa Unity: A Brief Analysis Of The New African Military Alliance.

Few years ago, a wave of political change swept across the Horn of Africa. After being elected as president, Abiy Ahmed went on a spree of diplomatic trips that would foster mutual relations to all the Horn of African countries.

Photo Credit: Researchgate.net


As a result of this, Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a treaty ending 2 decades of hostility. Also, Somalia and Ethiopia who were once traditional foes came closer to each other as well.

In 2018, Abiy Ahmed (Ethiopian Prime Minister), Isais Afwerk (Eritrean President), and Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo (Somali President) met to lay the foundation of a powerful military alliance. The alliance was made in the wake of foreign threats, specifically the Egyptian threat.

To show their willingness to foster unity and peace, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia took matters into their own hands.

Ethiopia and Eritrea opened up their borders to each other and jointly constructed border highways.

Eritrea sent troops to Ethiopia in order to help them fight against the Junta.

Somalia and Ethiopia boosted their inter-trade as Somalia exports fish to Ethiopia and later exporting vegetables and fruits to Somalia. Ethiopian airlines also increased flights to Mogadishu.

Eritrea started training thousands of Somali troops.

Back to the main topic of discussion, military alliance is not new in politics, especially in Europe where collaboration is viewed as strength. For instance, the European Union has a principle that “an attack on any European country is an attack on all European countries”. In other words, European nations will fight as one to defend fellow European nations.

In the case of Africa, an Africa military alliance should be no different. Therefore, it suffice to say that “an attack on any Horn of Africa countries is an attack on all Horn of Africa countries”.

So far, the western world has been very concerned and has strongly condemned this alliance with many western media outlets defaming and criticizing the move.


Reference Sources:

https://library.stanford.edu/africa-south-sahara/browse-country/horn-africa

https://www.usip.org/publications/2020/01/middle-easts-complicated-engagement-horn-africa

Content created and supplied by: FrankChukwu (via Opera News )

Abiy Ahmed Ethiopia Mohamed Abdullahi Farmajo New African Military Alliance Somalia

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