Opera News

Opera News App

These Black Soldiers Were America's First Black Regiment Who Earned Freedom by Fighting The British

Temi_loluwa
By Temi_loluwa | self meida writer
Published 27 days ago - 3 views

These Black Soldiers Were America's First Black Regiment Who Earned Freedom by Fighting The British

America had to fight for its independence from Great Britain and this period of intense battle and dialogues was war. In war there are several casualties, this means that a nation like the U.S., needed all the help it could get. Then it turned its head towards the slaves.


 In late 1777 during the American revolution which was then led by General George Washington had several troops one of which was the Continental Army. The troop faced shortages in the war, about 2,898 men were unfit for battle because they were either barefoot or otherwise naked. Washington then wrote to the American Congress, begging for material support before diseases claimed the lives of about 2,000 of them. This created a shortage in the army when enough white men couldn't be persuaded to enlist in the depleting army with several rewards including money and land, the American congress resorted to the draft. They gave out a mandate that each state must fill a quota of militias, based on its population. 


At that time, America had lots of small towns with a very little number in terms of population, one of these many small states is Rhode Island, a state which had a population of 60,000. Now, on the eve of the Revolution, Rhodes Island was tasked with filling two battalions but couldn't recruit enough white men. So its leaders appealed to George Washington to allow both free and enslaved Black men to enlist. 


Since Washington was both a slave owner and the Commander in Chief of the Continental Army, he feared putting guns in the hands of black men because he feared that this could incite a rebellion among enslaved people snd perhaps alienate Southern slaveholders. However, he soon realizes that the war needed as many hands as it could get and that the war was beginning to take its toll on the white population. So, he and other founding fathers made a pragmatic decision to preserve their nation's future by using the blacks who then resided among them as slaves. 

Seeing that Rhodes was the first to send an appeal to Washington in respect Of allowing black people to fight in the war, the Rhode Island Regiment became widely known as America's first Black military regiment. Though the regiment was led by an all-white officer it mostly contained Black or perhaps slave soldiers who were promised freedom for their time in the war. Of course, freedom was the best thing a slave could have been promised at that time. 


The Battle of Rhode Island

As earlier stated, the Rhodes Regiment or battalion was led by the all-white officer but it contained mostly black soldiers. On August 29, 1778, the regiment was on an assignment at Aquidneck Island where they were tasked with guarding a defensive position anchoring the continental Army's right-wing. The regiment did exceptionally well that they were able to drive back three Hessian (German) regiments of the British Army. The success of the Black Regiment is recorded as one of the greatest in the history of America. Perhaps because they were fighting for more than just freedom from the British but also for freedom from those who enslaved them. 


Recruiting Black Soldiers Started With The British Army:

The continental army seemed to have recruited black soldiers out of a controversial need for more hands during the war but it seems as though the British were the first to start recruiting slaves into their army. In 1775, Britain's colonial governor of Virginia, Lord Dunmore was inherited by the idea of slaveholding class and it led to him declaring martial law and promised freedom to any enslaved person who abandoned his owner and joined the British forces. Though slave owners constantly warned their slaves to stay clear of the temptation and resist it by all means but the promise of freedom made about 20,000 enslaved men flee and enlist with British forces. One of George Washington's slaves, Henry Washinton, escaped joining Lord Dunmore's Ethiopian Regiment. 


In response to Lord Dunmore's actions, Washington decided to write to congress to allow enslaved men to enlist to join the continental army so as not to allow Dunmore's army to get more soldiers. So basically, Washinton's decision to promise freedom to slaves was informed by his political and war efforts. 


I am VT. Ahonsi. 

please like, and share.

Content created and supplied by: Temi_loluwa (via Opera News )

Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform

YOU MAY LIKE

4 Mistakes people make when they get rich that takes them back to poverty

0 minutes ago

0 🔥

4 Mistakes people make when they get rich that takes them back to poverty

[OPINION] N4.75b Compensation to Northern Farmers: Yet another Wrong Call by the Federal Government

5 minutes ago

0 🔥

[OPINION] N4.75b Compensation to Northern Farmers: Yet another Wrong Call by the Federal Government

Nigerian soldier arrested supplying ammunition, uniforms to bandits – Zamfara Govt

5 minutes ago

1 🔥

Nigerian soldier arrested supplying ammunition, uniforms to bandits – Zamfara Govt

Goodnews for people that wants to travel to Canada and the UK

6 minutes ago

0 🔥

Goodnews for people that wants to travel to Canada and the UK

We Want Messi To Win 7 Ballon Dors; Here's The Reason Behind Our Campaign.

9 minutes ago

5 🔥

We Want Messi To Win 7 Ballon Dors; Here's The Reason Behind Our Campaign.

Look At A Huge Swordfish A Fisherman Caught In Rivers State Causing Reactions Online

11 minutes ago

2 🔥

Look At A Huge Swordfish A Fisherman Caught In Rivers State Causing Reactions Online

Army Officer And His Girlfriend Arrested For Giving Bandits Military Uniforms

11 minutes ago

1 🔥

Army Officer And His Girlfriend Arrested For Giving Bandits Military Uniforms

Many Nigerian Soldiers Feared Died As Bandits Attack Military Base Around 1pm In Katsina

12 minutes ago

1 🔥

Many Nigerian Soldiers Feared Died As Bandits Attack Military Base Around 1pm In Katsina

Nigerian Soldier Tortures 10-year- Old Boy To Death, For Plucking Mangoes

16 minutes ago

10 🔥

Nigerian Soldier Tortures 10-year- Old Boy To Death, For Plucking Mangoes

Look At What This Young Man Posted On Facebook That Got People Talking

16 minutes ago

2 🔥

Look At What This Young Man Posted On Facebook That Got People Talking

COMMENTS