1. July 1991:
261 people were killed after a McDonnell-Douglas DC-8 aircraft flying hajj pilgrims to Sokoto on behalf of Nigeria Airways crashed in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, in the worst commercial aviation accident in Nigeria 's history.
The Nigeria Airways flight took off from the Jeddah runway but problems with the cabin pressure were identified shortly after the take-off, at 2000-3000 feet. A burst tire and failure of hydraulics quickly followed those stories. The plane lost control and crashed in flames while attempting to return. It was the worst incident in Saudi Arabia at the time involving a DC-8 and the second-worst incident. The root cause of the flight at the Nigerian aviation system has been blamed for human errors. "The aircraft was signed-off by the operating flight engineer, who had no involvement in aircraft service, as fit for flight, in an unairworthy condition," investigations later disclosed.
2. January 1973:
176 people died after Nigeria Airways chartered a Boeing 707 to fly pilgrims back from Jeddah to Lagos crashed at Kano airport. Bad weather had forced the crew to divert to Kano at Lagos. The aircraft first touched the nosewheel, then crashed along the centreline of the runway. Two crew members were rescued alive, as were 23 occupants. At the time, it was the worst crash that affected a Boeing 707.
3. September 1992:
All 158 occupants died after Lockheed C-130H Hercules crashed near Lagos operated by Nigerian Airforce.
One engine failed after takeoff followed by a second engine shortly afterwards. In the Ejigbo river, the crew tried to abandon the fully loaded boat, but then a third engine failed too. The Hercules crashed into the swamp, nose-down. The exact death toll is uncertain. But it involved at least 150 Nigerians, 5 Ghanaians, 1 Tanzanians, 1 Zimbabweans and 1 Ugandans. At the time, it was the worst accident that involved a Lockheed C-130.
4. June 2012:
The recent crash of a Dana plane that killed 153 passengers. When it crashed into a residential area of Lagos, Nigeria, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 passenger plane, 5N-RAM, flown by Dana Air, was lost All 146 passengers were killed, as were all seven crew members. At least six victims were found inside the buildings that the plane hit.
It is the third worst accident involving an MD-80 at this time.
5. November 1996:
A Boeing 727 operated by ADC en route from Port Harcourt to Lagos crashed in Ejirin, near Lagos, killing all of its occupants, killing 144 people. The aircraft crashed during an evasive action maneuver after it lost control. The attempt by the pilot to avoid one head-on collision with another flight failed. The plane crashed and disintegrated during impact. "Radar controller's untidy separation of traffic" was the immediate cause of the crash, investigations later disclosed. It was the 8th worst accident at the time which involved a Boeing 727.
6. October 2005:
117 people died in a Boeing 737 crash near Lagos, flown by Bellview Airline. The Bellview flight 210 departed for a domestic flight to Abuja from Lagos at 20:35. Around three minutes after takeoff, Tower lost radio contact with the flight. The wreckage was found roughly 30 km north of Lagos the next morning. The crash was blamed on bad weather. It was at the time the seventh most serious accident involving a Boeing 737-200.
7. December 2005:
After a McDonnell-Douglas operated by Sossoliso Airlines crashed while landing at Port Harcourt airport, 108 people, mostly students of Loyola Jesuit College in Abuja, were killed. Two living occupants were rescued.
The primary cause of the accident was attributable to the weather, but the immediate cause was "the decision of the crew to continue the approach beyond Decision Altitude without having the runway and/or airport in sight," a report said. Dysfunctional runway lighting and poor airport construction were contributing factors. It is the fourth most serious accident involving a DC-9-30.
8. October 2006:
97 People died after a Boeing 737 flown by ADC Airlines crashed shortly after take-off near Abuja airport. The ADC Airlines flight departed Lagos with an intermediate stop at Abuja, on a scheduled domestic flight to Sokoto. The Boeing 737 hit the ground immediately after takeoff from Abuja airport, broke up and caught fire in a cornfield. A woman working on the field is confirmed to have been killed after being hit by crash debris. The primary cause of the crash was bad weather but the immediate cause was the failure by the pilot to consider prevailing weather conditions. This is the 15th worst accident with a Boeing 737-200 involved.
9. November 1969:
It has become Nigeria's first big plane crash since its independence. After a Vickers VC-10 flown by Nigeria Airways crashed at Lagos, 87 people died. The Nigeria Airways VC-10 was on a London-to-Lagos flight with stops at Rome and Kano en route. The VC-10 made a straight approach to Lagos on the last leg of the flight when it descended below the normal approach track and hit trees. The plane crashed, caught fire.
10. May 2002:
On a flight from Jos to Lagos via Kano, 72 people died after a BAC One-Eleven jet operated by EAS, crashed shortly after departure from Kano airport. "The plane reportedly stalled shortly after departing Kano. It descended about a half-mile from the airport on the outskirts of Kano in the heavily populated Gwammaja district. It sheared roofs from concrete two-story homes and tore a mosque in half as it broke apart and burst into flames. Some 23 houses have been destroyed in the Gwammaja area, along with a school and the mosque "reported by the Aviation Safety Network.
The plane was reportedly grounded 52 days before the accident, due to engine problems. It crashed ten hours after another engine and fitted it into it from another grounded plane. After the crash, Nigeria 's Ministry of Aviation issued a ban on all aircraft older than 22 years.
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