It is no more news that the muslim fasting shall commence tomorrow as they are observing the ten-raka'at prayer today, Monday, 12 April, 2021. It is in this respect I'm exposing you my honourable readers to the important things you need to know about fasting in the month of Ramadan.
First of all, what's fasting?
Sawm literally means fasting. Fasting, in its broad sense means complete abstinence from eating, drinking, smoking, all kind of sexual and immoral behaviour from dawn till sunset. A fasting individual must keep away from eating, drinking, all kinds of sexual and immoral behaviour from Iftar(dawn) till suhr (sunset), when he/she is to break his/her fasting.
Fasting is of two types namely: Voluntary fasting and Obligatory fasting. Voluntary fasting are the fasting that are optional; if one observe it, there is reward attached to it and if one doesn't observe it, there is no punishment for it. Examples are, Shitta Shawwal, the day of Arafat etc.
On the other hand, obligatory fasting are the fasting that must be observed by a matured and able muslim who are in the right condition to observe it. If a muslim fail to observe this fasting, he/she shall be punished. Examples of obligatory fasting are: fasting in Ramadan, fasting of atonement, fasting of vowing etc.
What we are checking in this article is fasting in the month of Ramadan. There are some benefits attached to fasting and these benefits can be categorized as moral benefits, social benefits and health benefits.
Moral benefits of fasting in the month of Ramadan.
1. Nudity display is minimized among people during the month of Ramadan.
2. Immoral behaviours are minimized during fasting in the month of ramadan.
3. Moral behaviour and good conduct is promote in the month of Ramadan.
Social benefits of fasting in the month of Ramadan.
1. reduction in social vices such as burglar, stealing etc.
2. Fasting in the month of ramadan promotes brotherhood among muslim.
3. It promotes unity among muslims.
Health benefits of fasting in the month of Ramadan.
Fasting in the month of Ramadan promotes good health as there is limitation to intake of food which prevent an observer from taking junk foods that may alter his/her bodily functions. Also, fasting in the month of Ramadan reduce spending rates of muslim, thus economic benefit.
Although fasting in the month of Ramadan is seen as Obligatory rite for a matured muslim person, yet there are some people who are exempted from fasting in the month of Ramadan. The categories of people include:
1. Nursing woman
2. A slave in bondage
3. Woman in her period
4. Aged people
5. Sick person who is advised by a doctor not to fast.
6. Travellers who are on a long distance journey
The above-mentioned are the people exempted from fasting in the month of Ramadan.
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I wish you all happy Ramadan Kareem. May Almighty Allah give us the fortitude to endure the fasting period.
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