One of the leading causes of blindness in people above the age of 60 is glaucoma. It is an eye condition that damages the optic nerve. This nerve helps to transfer signals from the retina to the brain. But when there is an increased level of pressure in the eye the nerve can be damaged leading to a medical condition known as ocular hypertension.
Now, when glaucoma is left untreated or not quickly detected, can lead to full blindness or loss of vision. In this case, prevention is better because there is no treatment although it can be managed with eye drops, eye pills, and surgery.
Important things to know about glaucoma.
Statistics have shown that glaucoma can happen to people who have diabetes, a family history of glaucoma, and long-term steroid medications. Furthermore, people who are above the age of 40 are susceptible to this eye disease.
According to Glaucoma Research Foundation in San Francisco, most people who have open-angle glaucoma feel fine and do not notice a change in their vision at first because the initial loss of vision is of a peripheral vision. And before a patient is aware, the disease is usually quite advanced. This simply means that at first, it might be difficult to notice early signs of glaucoma because it builds up slowly.
Ways You Can Prevent Glaucoma
1. Doctors have prescribed a regular intake of a balanced diet as well as regular exercise.
2. Avoid smoking and keep healthy body weight.
3. Due to the chemical properties present in caffeine it is advisable to limit your intake of caffeine. Also, avoid too much exposure to sunlight
4. Go for a regular eye checkup and maintain normal blood pressure.
Finally, your eye plays a vital role in your day-to-day activities so it is important to pay close attention to it. See the doctor immediately if you notice anything.
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