Menstruation is the periodic discharge of blood from the lining of the uterus. It can also be said to be the period when the uterus sheds its lining per month. During this period, the hormones in the body make the lining of the uterus thicker and prepare for the acceptance of pregnancy if there is any.
At times, pain, discomfort, or cramping accompanied the menstrual period in some women, it may be considered normal if it is not severe and for a very short time. But a prolonged and severe pain is considered abnormal, and it must be treated before it gets worst.
Painful periods (dysmenorrhea) are divided into primary and secondary.
1. Primary dysmenorrhea: This is occurs in women that usually experiences pain before or during periods.
2. Secondary dysmenorrhea: It occurs as a result of anatomic or macroscopic pathology. This is when the normal pain becomes extreme and progresses with time and causes restlessness. A disease such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids can be responsible.
CAUSES OF PAINFUL MENSTRUAL PERIOD/ DYSMENORRHEA.
You can be at risk of having menstrual pain if you fall under the following categories.
1. Family history of dysmenorrhea.
2. Excessive smoking
3. Being within the age of 20.
4. irregularities in periods.
5. Reaching puberty at low age e.g 8-11 years
6. when you never had a baby.
7. Heavy bleeding during periods.
UNDERLYING MEDICAL CONDITIONS RELATED TO PAINFUL PERIODS.
This is a situation whereby cells or tissues that normally lines the uterus tend to grow outside of the uterus or grows in other parts of the body. These tissues or cells can be found usually on the ovaries, intestines, fallopian tubes, or tissues lining the pelvis.
2. Uterine Fibroids
Usually developed during a woman's childbearing years. They are non-cancerous growths or tumors which lead to excessive pressure on the uterus and result in irregular menstruation or painful periods. They usually possess no symptoms.
3. Premenstrual syndrome
This is a condition that hinders the physical, behavioral, and emotional state of a woman during her menstrual cycle. It is caused by hormonal changes. This condition usually occurs like 1-2 weeks before menstruation, and its symptoms disappear immediately after bleeding starts.
4. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease.
A female reproductive organ infection. It is usually caused by bacteria that are intimately transmitted. These bacteria cause the inflammation of the reproductive organs like the uterus, fallopian tubes, etc.
Also occurs late during childbearing years and often disappears immediately after menopause. It is a rare condition whereby the uterine lining grows into the muscular wall of the uterus, resulting in inflammation, excessive pressure, and severe pain. This condition can cause prolonged periods.
6. Cervical Stenosis
It is a rare condition also. It occurs when the cervix narrows, become so small or completely closes off. This causes blockage or slows the menstrual flow. This situation causes massive pressure in the uterus resulting in pain.
When you are experiencing these kinds of symptoms, is better you seek medical help with immediate effect to prevent further complications. Nonetheless, some home remedies can be looked into, to manage menstrual pain. Some of these remedies are:
1. Always try to have a warm bath.
2. Try massaging your abdomen
3. Consider using a heating pad on the pelvic area or your back.
4. Try to exercise regularly
5. Adhere to nutritional foods and always eat lighter meals.
6. Put yoga in your daily routine
7. Avoid too much salt caffeinated substances, sugar, and alcohol.
8. Consider taking many vitamins and supplements like vitamin E, Vitamin B-6, Vitamin B-1, Calcium, Omega 3-fatty acids, magnesium, etc.
Content created and supplied by: D_Ultra (via Opera News )