According to Healthline, the kidneys are crucial organs in the human body, performing vital functions such as waste removal, fluid regulation, blood pressure control, and hormone production for red blood cell production. However, when kidney function starts to decline, it can have a significant impact on overall health. It is important to recognize the symptoms that indicate kidney failure and take immediate action.
As kidney function deteriorates, frequent nausea and vomiting may occur due to the buildup of waste products. Loss of appetite and weight loss can also be present. Anemia, characterized by a deficiency of healthy red blood cells, may lead to shortness of breath and dizziness.
Swelling in the hands, feet, or face is another common symptom of kidney failure. The kidneys' inability to eliminate excess fluids results in fluid retention in these areas. Additionally, unexplained fatigue and weakness may occur since the kidneys play a role in stimulating red blood cell production through hormone release.
In advanced stages of kidney failure, more severe symptoms may arise. Itchy skin, muscle cramps, and changes in mental alertness and cognition can be observed. Swelling may become more pronounced, and fluid accumulation in the lungs can cause breathing difficulties.
If you experience any of these symptoms, seeking immediate medical attention is crucial. Your doctor may conduct tests, such as blood tests and urine analysis, to evaluate kidney function. In some cases, a kidney biopsy may be necessary to determine the underlying cause of kidney failure.
The treatment for kidney failure depends on the underlying cause and the severity of the condition. Medication or lifestyle changes may be sufficient to slow down its progression in some cases. However, in more severe cases, dialysis or kidney transplantation may be required.
Lastly, symptoms of kidney failure can be subtle and easily overlooked in the early stages. However, untreated kidney failure can have serious consequences for overall health. Therefore, it is important to be aware of the symptoms and seek medical attention promptly if you experience any of them. Early detection and treatment significantly improve the prognosis of kidney failure.
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