Hypertension also known as high blood pressure, happens when your blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. Your blood pressure measurement takes record of how much blood is moving through your blood vessels and also takes into account the amount of resistance the blood meets while the heart is pumping.
It has been said that narrow arteries increase resistance. The narrower your arteries get, the higher your blood pressure will be. Over a long period of time, an increase in blood pressure can lead to health issues that includes heart disease.
Blood pressure normally forms over the course of several years without you noticing any symptoms. But even without noticing symptoms, high blood pressure can result to your blood vessels and organs being damaged, especially the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys.
It is important to detect hypertension early. Frequent blood pressure readings can help you and your doctor or medical consultant notice any changes. If your blood pressure is high, your doctor or medical consultant may have you check your blood pressure for some weeks to see if the number stays high or falls back to its normal levels.
Treating hypertension includes both prescription medication and healthy changes in lifestyle. If this ailment isn’t treated, it could result to health issues, including stroke and heart attack.
Causes of hypertension
There are two kinds of hypertension and each type has a different cause.
Primary hypertension is also referred to as essential hypertension. This type of hypertension advance over time with no causes to identify. Most individuals have this type of hypertension.
Scientists and researchers are still in doubt of the procedures causing blood pressure to slowly increase. A combination of elements may play a role. These elements include the following:
Genes: Some individuals are genetically prone to hypertension. This may be from gene mutations or genetic irregularities gotten from your parents.
Physical changes: If something changes in your body, you may begin to experience problems with your body. Hypertension may be one of those problems. For instance, it has been said that changes in the functions of your kidney as a result of aging may cause an upset to the body’s natural balance of salts and fluid. This change may cause an increase in your body’s blood pressure.
Environment: Unhealthy lifestyle choices such as lack of physical activity and having a poor diet can have an effect on your body. Lifestyle choices can lead to weight problems. Being overweight or obese can increase the risk of having high blood pressure.
Secondary hypertension often happens suddenly and can become more serious than primary hypertension. Several conditions that causes secondary hypertension may include the following:
-Obstructive sleep apnea
-Congenital heart defects
-Problems with your thyroid
-Side effects of medications
-Usage of illegal drugs
-Alcohol abuse or chronic use
-Adrenal gland issued
-Certain endocrine tumors
Content created and supplied by: DrEnimofe (via Opera News )
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