Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into blood vessels, which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure, also called hypertension, is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood out to the body and contributes to hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis, to stroke, kidney disease, and to heart failure.
1. Excessive alcohol consumption.
According to Mayo Clinic excessive drinking can harm your heart. Blood pressure can be impacted by consuming more than one drink per day for women and more than two drinks per day for males. If you do consume alcohol, do so sparingly. That entails up to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for males for healthy individuals. 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of an 80-proof liquor constitute one drink.
2. Consuming excessive sodium or salt.
According to Healthline, high blood pressure and heart disease are mainly caused by salt. This is as a result of how it alters the blood's fluid balance. About 40% of table salt is sodium. A certain quantity of salt is necessary for health, but it is simple to consume too much. Daily sodium intake of no more than 2,300 mg, or 1 teaspoon is advised. Instead of being added at the table, packaged, processed food makes up the majority of the sodium in the average person's diet. It's possible to find sodium in unexpected places.
The chemicals in tobacco can harm the lining of your artery walls in addition to temporarily raising your blood pressure when you smoke or chew tobacco. This may restrict your arteries and raise your chance of developing heart disease. The risk of developing heart disease is also increased by secondhand smoke.
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