The liver is a large, meaty organ on the right side of the belly. The liver weighs about 3 pounds and is reddish-brown and touchy. Normally the liver cannot be felt as the rib cage is covered. The liver has two broad parts, which on the right and on the left are called lobes. The gallbladder and portions of the intestines and pancreas are beneath the liver. These organs and the liver digest, consume, and process food in combination.
The liver is one of the largest and most flexible bodies. It weighs 3.17 to 3.66 kilograms (Lb) or between 1.44 and 1.66 kilos (lb) in reddish-brown rubbery texture (kg). It's above the lungs and below and to the left of the abdomen. The skin is the only organ, thicker and bigger than the liver.
It has two lobes, one broad lobe to the right and the other a smaller lobe to the left. The liver is almost like a triangle in shape. The lobes are divided by the falciform ligament, a tissue band that holds them attached to the diaphragm. A layer of fibrous tissue called the Glisson capsule is on the outside of the liver. This capsule is also protected by the peritoneum, a membrane forming the lining of the abdominal cavity.
The liver has two main blood outlets, unlike other organs. The portal vein brings from the digestive system nutrient-rich blood, and the hepatic artery carries oxygenated blood from the heart. The blood vessels, with each ending in a lobule, are divided into small capillaries. Lobules are the liver's functional units that consist of millions of hepatocytes called cells. Via three hepatic veins, blood is extracted from the liver.
As a gland, the liver is classified and associated with several functions. As the organ is still being explored, it is hard to provide a specific number, but it is assumed that the liver plays 500 different functions.
The most important functions of the liver are:
Bile production: Bile splits and absorbs fats, cholesterol, and some vitamins in the small intestine. Bile consists of bile, bilirubin, bile salt, and water.
Blood support coagulants: for the production of some coagulants which aid in blood clotting, vitamin K is required. Bile is essential and created in the liver for vitamin K absorption. If the liver does not produce enough bile, clotting factors cannot be produced.
Fat metabolism: Bile breaks down fats and makes them easier to digest.
Carbohydrates metabolism: Carbohydrates are processed in the liver, separated into glucose and siphoned into the bloodstream to maintain daily glucose levels. They are stored and released as glycogen whenever a rapid energy burst is required.
Storage of vitamins and minerals: vitamins A, D, E, K and B12 are contained in the liver. It conserves large quantities of these vitamins. In certain cases, vitamins are kept as a back-up for many years. The liver stores iron in the form of ferritin from hemoglobin ready to create new red blood cells. The liver is also copper-free.
Metabolize proteins helps: Bile helps digest proteins.
THESE FUNCTIONS CAN BE IMPAIRED IF YOU CONTINUE WITH YOUR DAMAGING HABITS. HENCE THE NEED FOR YOU TO STOP THEM IMMEDIATELY.
Significant quantities of alcohol intake can affect the liver. Excessive alcohol intake reduces the liver's capacity to destroy toxins. Research suggested that every day three or more glasses cause cancer and damage the liver.
Overuse of Drugs
Your liver breaks down mouth-supplied substances such as pharmaceuticals, herbs and vitamins. However, overconsumption can gradually harm the hepatitis, which causes moderate to severe hepatitis failure. You could be problematic with the use of excess dietary supplements. Drug-induced liver damage is not all this rare in terms of weight loss and bodybuilding supplements. Unfortunately, many of these supplements have non-product labeling ingredients and the responsible ingredients are hard to discern.
There are many side effects of smoking, and liver damage is one of them. Although the effect is indirect, the toxic chemicals eventually enter the liver in cigarette smoke and induce oxidative stress, creating free radicals that destroy the cells of the liver.
Surprisingly, some significant effects on the condition of your liver could be sleep deprivation. In a study, sleeplessness may cause oxidative stress on the liver. Deprivation of sleep can be tougher than you imagined. Sleep apnea sufferers, for example, from fatty liver disease at levels above those without sleep apnea. If there is not enough sleep, the liver can also be affected in certain ways, for example, because of unhealthier eating. To keep all organs working properly, you should try to sleep for at least six to seven hours regularly.
Not drinking enough water
Your liver is the organ of your body that processes waste. It's one of two large members of the detoxification team or the way to rid the body of radioactive waste. In your body, water is an integral part of the detoxification cycle. It flushes toxins out of your liver for disposal and allows your kidneys to correctly extract these toxins. Dehydration can interfere and cause liver damage. In any place, most individuals need 64 to 100 ounces of water every day.
Not practicing safe sex
Healthy sex protects you from many STDs. This also protects you from other forms of cancer, including the one in your liver. The viruses Hepatitis B and C can spread through unprotected contact from person to person. Such chronic viral infections can result in liver cells replaced with scar tissue, eventually causing a condition that is known as cirrhosis. Cirrhosis people are more likely to develop and to suffer from cancer of the liver.
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