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Bedbugs: Signs and Treatment of the infestation

Bedbugs are small, wingless parasitic insects that feed solely on the blood of warm-blooded animals. Bedbugs are originally nest insects that inhabit bat's roosts and bed nests. However, they have evolved and have learned to live amongst humans.

Two types of bedbugs are known to prefer to feed on human blood. Adults' bedbugs grow to about 0.25 inches long when they are not feeding. After feeding, however, they can double in size. 

In the human environment, Bedbugs pose a serious problem within all types of homes, including, dormitories, private homes, army barracks, and shelters. They live in bed mattresses, clothing, sofas, and other soft furnishings. They also thrive in dark places. Most bedbugs feed on their hosts around 12 to 5 am while their host is asleep. For bedbugs to survive, they need to feed regularly and reproduce.

Signs and symptoms 

The most apparent sign of bedbugs in the home is the constant complaint of the people in the house of bites that occurred while they were asleep. If this happens, look carefully in bed linen and the seams and tufts of mattresses for bugs or eggs.

Also, bedbugs droppings,( usually dark brown or rusted color) that stain material and mattresses are a big sign of bedbug activities. This excrement is liquid and can be either dark brown or black.

Another sign bed in an infestation is a red trail of bites they leave on the bodies of their host after feeding, these bits are usually painless because of the small amount of saliva they inject into the skin of this host. If they feed on a person for several weeks, the individual might become more sensitive or develop an allergic response to the bite 

Most people who are bitten by bedbugs show no symptoms at all and often do not know it until after about 14 days of it happening. This makes it difficult to curb or identify potential infestations. However, some people may become ill and nauseous after the bit. It is also possible to get scars and skin infections from bedbug bites. In very rare cases, people get an asthmatic reaction to bedbugs.

Photo Credit: Aantex

Treatment and removal

Oral antibiotics and topical creams are effective ways to treat bedbugs bits. Most bites heal within 1 and 2 weeks of the incident also, to their nature of living everywhere in the house, getting rid of them on your own can be challenging. This is why you are advised to hire a pest control professional.

Content created and supplied by: DrGeraldine (via Opera News )

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