In vitro fertilization is a controlled biological process that takes place in a laboratory vessel, test tube, or other controlled experimental settings. IVF is a process in which sperm and eggs are mixed in a lab to generate embryos, which are then implanted into the uterus through the cervix to allow for the conception of an IVF baby.
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If you've been trying to conceive for a few years and haven't been successful, it may be time to consider IVF therapy. It is one of the most effective medical techniques available today for assisting you in becoming pregnant and carrying your own child to full term and the treatment is available to those who have been unable to conceive due to issues such as ovulation, egg quality, blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, unexplained infertility, and more.
If you are just trying to attempt IVF, you should be aware that the process is performed using your own eggs and sperm from your spouse, and sometimes it could potentially involve anonymous donor eggs, sperm, or embryos, or a gestational carrier.
Risk factors associated with IVF
1 Multiple birth
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If more than one embryo is transplanted to your uterus during IVF, you're more likely to have multiple children. Pregnancy with multiple fetuses increases the risk of early labor and low birth weight compared to a single fetus pregnancy.
2 Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
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This is a condition in which the ovaries are overstimulated using injectable fertility medicines to promote ovulation, such as human chorionic gonadotropin can result in ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, which causes enlarged and painful ovaries.
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The entire process of testing and administering fertility drugs can be emotionally and physically draining because you must visit the doctor multiple times during the IVF cycle.
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