According to Healthline, Pregnancy is a unique period in a woman's life, during which she nurtures a life within her womb. However, sometimes, despite the mother's best efforts to have a healthy pregnancy, a baby may be born with a disability. There are several reasons why this may happen, and in this article, we will explore some of the most common causes.
Genetic factors play a significant role in the development of disabilities in babies. Some genetic disorders are passed down through families, and parents may carry genes that cause genetic disorders in their children. In such cases, the baby may inherit one or more mutated genes, which can lead to physical or intellectual disabilities.
Chromosomal abnormalities are also a common cause of disability. For example, Down syndrome is caused by the presence of an extra chromosome, and it can lead to developmental delays, intellectual disabilities, and physical abnormalities. Other chromosomal disorders, such as Turner syndrome and Klinefelter syndrome, can also cause disabilities.
Environmental factors can also contribute to the development of disabilities in babies. Exposure to harmful substances, such as alcohol, tobacco, and certain drugs, during pregnancy can increase the risk of disabilities. These substances can harm the developing fetus and cause a range of problems, including low birth weight, developmental delays, and physical abnormalities.
Infections can also cause disabilities in babies. For example, the Zika virus, which is transmitted by mosquitoes, can cause microcephaly, a condition in which the baby's head is smaller than usual, and other neurological abnormalities. Other infections, such as rubella and cytomegalovirus, can also cause disabilities.
Some medical conditions can increase the risk of disabilities in babies. For example, gestational diabetes, a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy, can increase the risk of birth defects, including neural tube defects, heart defects, and kidney problems. Similarly, high blood pressure during pregnancy can increase the risk of premature birth, which can lead to a range of problems, including developmental delays, cerebral palsy, and intellectual disabilities.
Complications During Delivery
Complications during delivery can also contribute to the development of disabilities in babies. For example, if the baby is deprived of oxygen during birth, it can lead to brain damage and cerebral palsy. Similarly, if the baby is born prematurely, it can increase the risk of developmental delays and other problems.
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