Each person’s genetic fingerprint is very different and unique from another a fact that makes this type of testing so reliable. A biological child shares 50% of their DNA with the biological father and 50% with the biological mother. A DNA paternity test compares a DNA sample from an alleged father and a DNA sample from a child or adult to determine whether the two individuals are likely to share or not share a father/child biological relationship.
With the exception of any mutations which are taken into account by geneticists when determining probability of paternity the man being tested must match the child’s details at every marker tested in order to be considered the biological father.
However DNA tests do not determine Age, Race, Proof of relationship for possible biological connections asides paternal and Information about ancestry. The results of a paternity test are often life-changing and you’re probably a little nervous, so it’s essential that you do your homework beforehand about whether or not you’ve got the right test for your needs and then how to do it correctly.
All that is needed for testing is sample from, child in question , suspected father and mother also as test can be performed in two parts;
1.Collection of DNA samples from test participants, and
2. Testing and analysis of the samples at the lab.
Paternity Test Tips
TIP1: Ensure you choose the right test
The paternity test kit you purchase at the store contains three sets of special DNA-collection swabs: one set each for the child, possible father, and mother. Note that If the possible father is deceased or otherwise unavailable to test, then a straight paternity test is no longer an option: what you need is The DNA lab can test other relatives of the possible father (such as one or both of his parents, a sibling, or other known children) to establish or discount a paternal relationship. This is called “family reconstruction testing" as is more elaborate and may cost more in this case.
TIP2 : Follow Instructions on the Kits well
An at-home paternity test kit contains instructions on how to perform the swabbing and how to handle swabs before and after DNA collection. Take the time to read through all instructions thoroughly prior to swabbing to help tackle the chance of sample contamination and delays because collection wasn’t done correctly. Most sample swabs are stored in envelopes instead of tubes because DNA is an organic material and requires proper aeration.
TIP3 : Know how you intend to use results
Do you intend to use results in court someday or just for your information and peace of mind? It is important to know what test is needed for so as to know the necessary steps to take. If test is needed for individual knowledge it can be done at home as when you collect DNA at home, results are most likely not court-admissible as there is no way of knowing if DNA samples tested belong to who participants claim they do. But if you aren’t going to court, then doing the test at home works just fine, the testing process is exactly the same as it is for court-admissible testing and you can trust results. If test is for Court case of child support, immigration or claim to rights it must be witnessed by a third party.
TIP4 : Supervision must be thorough when collecting samples
It’s highly recommended that all participants in the paternity test be in the same room when collecting their DNA. Supervise each other during the swabbing and go to the post office together to make the drop-off once collection is done. Following this simple process keeps the honest honest and greatly decreases the chance of Paternity Fraud.
Content created and supplied by: DrEnimofe (via Opera News )