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Placenta Abruption: Causes and treatment

Photo Credit: MomJunction

Placental abruption is an uncommon but serious pregnancy complication that occurs when the placenta separates from the uterus before the baby is born.

This condition often occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy, usually in the third trimester, and it deprives the baby of oxygen and nourishment, as well as causing serious bleeding in the mother which can lead to kidney failure and sometimes death.

Photo Credit: Parents

Causes of placenta abruption

The reason for placental abruption is usually unknown. However, one possible contributing element is an uneven blood supply in the placenta or uterus which can be caused by insufficient placental development, which occurs after implantation but does not emerge until later in the pregnancy.

There are also risk factors that can cause placenta abruption and they include; preeclampsia, smoking whilst pregnant, preterm rupture of membrane, and short umbilical cord. Although you can't prevent all these risks, you can manage them by avoiding alcohol and smoking and by going for regular prenatal checkups.

Treatment of placenta abruption

There is no way for a placenta to be attached again to the wall of the uterus so placenta abruption can be managed under the following circumstances

1 if the baby is not close to full term

Photo Credit: Healthline

If the abruption appears to be minor, your baby's heart rate is normal, and the baby is too young to be born, you may be admitted to the hospital for strict monitoring and you may be able to rest at home if the bleeding stops and your baby's condition is stable.

2 The baby is on the verge of reaching full term

Photo Credit: Time

If the placental abruption appears to be minor after 34 weeks of pregnancy, a closely monitored vaginal birth may be possible. However, if the abruption worsens or jeopardizes your or your baby's health, you will have to go into labor and it is usually a cesarean birth.

Content created and supplied by: DrTracy_PCOS (via Opera News )

MomJunction

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