Weight gain during pregnancy is a normal phenomenon. However, if a woman is overweight before pregnancy, this extra weight taken during pregnancy can complicate her pregnancy in more ways than one. It is very important to maintain a healthy weight during pregnancy. If you are pregnant and have a BMI of over 30, it's beneficial to lose weight (unhealthy weight) during pregnancy. And you do not have to worry about it, because it is possible to lose weight in the first days of pregnancy.
Is it safe to lose weight during pregnancy?
Women who are overweight can reduce the risk of certain complications, such as gestational diabetes and preeclampsia, by losing weight during pregnancy. But a doctor or physician should check their weight loss program.
Usually, pregnant women are not encouraged to lose weight or follow a diet during pregnancy. It is normal for a pregnant woman to lose weight during the first trimester because of morning sickness or loss of appetite, but again she would get it, and maybe more in the next two trimesters.
Despite such dangers, the best way to lose weight is on a consistent, yet gradual plan with a focus on healthier lifestyle changes. Gradual weight loss is best for your body and your baby.
If your doctor recommends that you lose weight, you can do so safely during pregnancy.
1. Know how much you need to win
Being overweight during pregnancy can sometimes shift the focus to just losing weight. But the fact is that you still gain some weight, and it is important to know how much a healthy amount is. After all, a human being grows within you!
2. Reduce calories
The first way you can lose weight is to reduce your daily calorie intake. Eating more calories than you burn is the most common cause of weight gain. It takes a deficit of 3,500 calories to lose 1 pound. In a week’s time, this equates to about 500 calories a day to knock out.
Before you cut so many calories from your diet, keep a food log and find out how many calories you actually eat. You can talk to a dietitian to discuss nutrition plans. You can also look up nutrition labels for foods from stores or restaurants to get an idea of how many calories each food contains.
Remember that pregnant women should eat no less than 1,700 calories a day. This is the minimum and helps ensure that both you and your baby regularly get enough energy and nutrients.
Take a prenatal vitamin daily to make sure you are getting all the nutrients you and your baby need. Folic acid is especially important as it helps reduce the risk of birth defects.
3. Exercise for 30 minutes daily
Some women are afraid to exercise for fear that it will harm their babies. But this is definitely not true. Although some exercises, e.g. Situps, can be potentially harmful, exercise is extremely beneficial.
It can help you maintain your weight, reduce birth defects and even relieve some aches and pains you experience during pregnancy.
The current recommendation does not differ from non-pregnant women: 30 minutes of activity a day. If this is too much for you to begin with, consider splitting the 30 minutes into shorter time blocks during the day.
Some of the best exercises for pregnant women include:
You should avoid activities that:
rely on your balance, such as cycling or skiing
performed in the heat,
make you dizzy
done on the back (after 12 weeks of pregnancy)
4. Deal with weight problems early
Although you will gain weight naturally throughout your pregnancy, most of this weight gain happens in the second and third trimesters. Your baby is also growing rapidly during the last two months of pregnancy. You have no control over the weight gain attributed to your baby and supporting elements such as the placenta, so it is best to address any weight issues earlier in the pregnancy.
They have reported some success with weight intervention in pregnant women through a study published in the journal Obesity. Researchers found that women who received counseling between weeks 7 and 21 of pregnancy were less likely to be overweight in the third trimester. The same group of women studied also benefited from weekly support group meetings.
This is just one example of how early planning can help prevent obesity.
The side effects of being overweight during pregnancy:
Being overweight during pregnancy can pose risks to you and your baby. The following are the complications that you or your unborn baby can be exposed to if you are overweight.
1. Risks to the fetus
Possibility of abortion.
The baby may be born larger than the average size; this can lead to obesity later in life.
The child has an adult risk of heart disease or diabetes.
The baby can be born with neural tube defects.
2. Risks to the mother
Greater chance of developing gestational diabetes, which can cause a larger baby to cause a difficult vaginal birth.
There is a high risk of preeclampsia, which can reduce blood flow to the baby.
An overweight pregnant woman can have problems during childbirth and childbirth.
Difficulty in monitoring fetal development.
Increased risk of sleep apnea, which can cause fatigue and lead to conditions such as high blood pressure.
High risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) during pregnancy and in the postpartum period.
Blood clots that can make labor difficult.
A caesarean section increases the risk of infection or excessive blood loss.
The work may need to be induced.
Effects of weight loss on the expectant mother and baby during pregnancy
Losing too much weight can backfire and negatively affect your and your child’s well-being. Unhealthy weight loss, which mainly occurs because of morning sickness or loss of appetite, can start in the first trimester of pregnancy and last until the end of the first trimester. Weight loss during pregnancy is not always healthy, as it can affect the health of the pregnant woman and her baby. Listed below are some complications of weight loss during pregnancy.
Content created and supplied by: Olutorphe (via Opera News )