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According to NHS, birthmarks are coloured marks on the skin that are present at birth or soon afterwards. Most are harmless and disappear without treatment, but some may need to be treated.
See a doctor if:
1. you're worried about a birthmark
2. a birthmark is close to the eye, nose, or mouth
3. a birthmark has got bigger, darker or lumpier
4. a birthmark is sore or painful
5. your child has 6 or more cafe-au-lait spots
6. you or your child has a large congenital mole.
The doctor may ask you to check the birthmark for changes, or they may refer you to a skin specialist (dermatologist).
Treatment for birthmarks
Most birthmarks do not need treatment, but some do. This is why it's important to get a birthmark checked if you're worried about it.
A birthmark can be removed on the NHS if it's affecting a person's health. If you want a birthmark removed for cosmetic reasons, you'll have to pay to have it done privately.
Possible treatments for birthmarks include:
1. medicines: to reduce blood flow to the birthmark, which can slow down its growth and make it lighter in colour
2. laser therapy: where heat and light are used to make the birthmark smaller and lighter (it works best if started between 6 months and 1 year of age)
3. surgery: to remove the birthmark (but it can leave scarring).
Content created and supplied by: Kwajaffa (via Opera News )