Throughout pregnancy, special health care must be taken because some warning signs may appear indicating the presence of complications, such as pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes.
The most common warning signs are increased blood pressure, fever, persistent vomiting and vaginal bleeding, and it is important to see your doctor for diagnostic tests and to check what is causing the problem.
See what to do according to each warning sign:
1. Loss of blood through the vagina
When bleeding occurs during the first trimester, it can be a symptom of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.
However, blood loss through the vagina in any trimester of pregnancy can also indicate problems with the placenta or premature labor, especially when accompanied by abdominal pain or back pain.
What to do: Seek the doctor to assess the health of the fetus through ultrasound examination. In addition, it is important to have as much rest as possible to prevent further bleeding.
2. Strong headache or blurred vision
Strong and persistent headache or vision change for more than 2 hours can be symptoms of pre-eclampsia, a pregnancy complication that is characterized by high blood pressure, swelling of the body and loss of protein in the urine, and that can cause premature birth or death of the fetus.
What to do: Try to rest and stay in a quiet, dark place, in addition to taking teas to relieve pain, such as chamomile. However, it is important to see the doctor immediately so that he can assess the pressure and do blood tests and obstetric doppler ultrasound, immediately starting the appropriate treatment if pre-eclampsia is diagnosed.
3. Strong and persistent pain in the stomach
If the stomach pain is severe and lasts more than 2 hours, it can also be a sign of pre-eclampsia, especially if accompanied by other symptoms such as swelling of the body, headache or changes in vision.
What to do: To try to relieve pain, you should drink ginger tea and eat light, easily digestible foods, avoiding fried foods, sauces and red meats. However, if symptoms persist for more than 2 hours, the doctor should be sought.
4. Persistent vomiting
Frequent vomiting can cause dehydration and impair desirable weight gain in pregnancy, which can prevent the baby's proper development.
What to do: To relieve vomiting, dry and easily digestible foods should be eaten, such as crackers without filling, well-cooked rice and white bread. You should also drink at least 2 liters of water a day, avoid strong spices and drink ginger tea in the morning.
5. Fever greater than 37.5ºC
High fever can be a symptom of an infection in the body, usually caused by the presence of diseases such as flu or dengue.
What to do: Drinking plenty of fluids, resting, putting cold water compresses on your head, neck and armpits, and taking paracetamol usually relieves fever. In addition, it is important to call the doctor and tell them about the fever, and if the temperature exceeds 39ºC, you should go to the emergency room.
6. Burning or pain when urinating
Burning, pain and urgency to urinate are the main symptoms of urinary tract infection, a very common disease in pregnancy, but that when left untreated can cause complications such as premature birth and decreased baby growth.
What to do: Drink at least 2 liters of water a day, wash your hands thoroughly before and after using the bathroom and do not hold your urine for long. In addition, a doctor should be sought to prescribe antibiotics to fight infection and prevent complications.
7. Vaginal discharge with itch or bad smell
Vaginal discharge with itching or bad smell is an indicator of candidiasis or vaginal infection, common problems in pregnancy due to a change in vaginal pH with pregnancy hormones.
What to do: Seek the doctor to confirm the diagnosis and start treatment with ointments or antifungal drugs or antibiotics. In addition, it is important to always wear cotton panties and avoid very tight clothes and daily protectors, as they favor the development of infections.
8. Strong pain in the lower part of the belly
The presence of severe pain in the lower belly can be a sign of ectopic pregnancy, spontaneous abortion, premature labor, fibroids or placental detachment.
What to do: Seek the doctor to identify what is causing the pain and keep up to date until you start proper treatment.
9. Decreased fetal movements
The absence or sudden reduction in the baby's movements for at least 12 hours may indicate that the baby is receiving less oxygen or nutrients, which may cause premature birth or neurological problems in the baby.
What to do: Encourage the baby to move, eat, walk or lie with his legs up, but if no movement is detected, the doctor should be sought to assess the baby's health through ultrasound.
10. Exaggerated weight gain and increased thirst
Exaggerated weight gain, increased thirst and the urge to urinate can be signs of gestational diabetes, a disease that can lead to premature birth and health complications for the baby.
What to do: Seek the doctor to take the blood glucose test and start the appropriate treatment with changes in diet, use of medications and, if necessary, use of insulin.
It is important to remember that in the presence of any warning sign, even if the symptoms improve, the doctor must be informed so that the appropriate treatment is done and that follow-up appointments are scheduled to assess the evolution of the problem and the baby's health.
(Reference - https://www.webmd.com/baby/features/7-pregnancy-warning-signs, https://www.pampers.com/en-us/pregnancy/pregnancy-symptoms/article/pregnancy-warning-signs)
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