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Common complications during labor and delivery

Photo Credit: iStock

The thought of giving birth and going through labor can be frightening especially if it is your first time. As a result, even the term 'complication' can create anxiety. However, learning about the potential challenges that may develop at this critical time will help you confront them with courage if you are faced with any of them.

Here are some labor and delivery complications that can happen unexpectedly

1 Fetal distress

Photo Credit: AMVI

Fetal distress occurs when the fetus is having difficulties while in the womb. This can be caused by a lack of oxygen, low amniotic fluid levels, and an irregular heart rate. If this occurs, you may be asked to shift positions, drink more water, or get a fluid transfusion into the amniotic cavity, and sometimes it might lead to cesarean delivery.

2 Umbilical cord compression

Photo Credit: Birth injury

The umbilical cord can sometimes wrap around the baby's neck or become knotted in some way. When this happens, the chord may get constricted, reducing blood flow to the baby and causing a drop in heart rate. If the dip is only momentary and the cord is not compressed, a normal birth will occur. However, if this is not the case a C-section may be required to expedite delivery and ensure the baby's safety.

3 Umbilical cord prolapse 

Photo Credit: TeachmeobGyn

This occurs when the baby reaches the birth canal after the water breaks causing the umbilical cord to slip past the cervix. The cord may be felt in the birth canal or may protrude from the vaginal opening. This necessitates rapid attention since the cord's blood supply could be cut off causing fetal distress

4 Breech position 

Photo Credit: FirstCry

The best position for delivery is when the baby is facing downward and headfirst and when the baby is not in this position it can make a vaginal delivery difficult. To help in delivery, the doctor may be able to manually adjust the baby's position or utilize forceps.

Content created and supplied by: DrTracy_PCOS (via Opera News )

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