Photo Credit: Women's health
Since the outbreak of the HIV and AIDS sickness in the 1980s, people have been terrified of it. When a woman who is pregnant is infected with the virus, the already difficult task of pregnancy is made even more difficult. Medical advancements, on the other hand, have not only made HIV pregnancy safe but have also lowered the risk of the virus infecting the baby.
Here are ways a baby can become HIV positive
1 During pregnancy, HIV can be transmitted through the placenta while the baby is still in the womb.
Photo Credit: Verywell
2 There's a larger risk of HIV transmission if the baby comes into close touch with your blood or other liquids during delivery, such as the fluid inside the amniotic sac.
3 Contacting it through breastfeeding.
How to minimize the risk of transmission to your baby
Photo Credit: Parents
1 If you're thinking about getting pregnant, you should get tested for HIV first. If you test positive, begin antiretroviral therapy immediately soon. Not only will this lower the viral load in the mother, but it will also lower the risk of transmission.
Photo Credit: Dad's guide
2 To reduce the risk of HIV transmission, a planned c-section at 38 weeks is the best way of delivery.
Photo Credit: Infectious disease
Taking HIV medicine during your pregnancy, as well as during labor and delivery, is likely to be recommended by your doctor because medications reduce your viral load, or the quantity of HIV in your blood and can help you avoid passing it on to your kid. Your new born baby may need to take HIV medicine for a few weeks.
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