Post Partum Depression occurs after giving birth and it involves persistent low moods, The birth of a baby can trigger a jumble of powerful emotions, from excitement and joy to fear and anxiety. But it can also result in something you might not expect depression. Most new moms experience postpartum "baby blues" after childbirth, which commonly include mood swings, crying spells, anxiety and difficulty sleeping. Baby blues typically begin within the first two to three days after delivery, and may last for up to two weeks.
But some new moms experience a more severe, long-lasting form of depression known as postpartum depression. Rarely, an extreme mood disorder called postpartum psychosis also may develop after childbirth.
CAUSES OF POST PREGNANCY DEPRESSION
Doctors do not know exactly what causes postpartum depression, but it can affect anyone. Genetic factors may play a role, and environmental factors may also contribute. However it may be heightened by the hormonal changes within the body, There's no single cause of postpartum depression, but physical and emotional issues may play a role.
-Physical changes. After childbirth, a dramatic drop in hormones (estrogen and progesterone) in your body may contribute to postpartum depression. Other hormones produced by your thyroid gland also may drop sharply — which can leave you feeling tired, sluggish and depressed.
-Emotional issues. When you're sleep deprived and overwhelmed, you may have trouble handling even minor problems. You may be anxious about your ability to care for a newborn. You may feel less attractive, struggle with your sense of identity or feel that you've lost control over your life. Any of these issues can contribute to postpartum depression.
Past trauma, hormonal fluctuations, a previous diagnosis or family history of depression or bipolar disorder, the physical and emotional stress of delivery and childcare, added stress at work or at home, difficulty sleeping, feeling overwhelmed are few factors that may increase the risk of such depression. It affects many new parents and usually disappears after 3–5 days when treated.
Postpartum depression can affect people differently, as it affects mother-baby bonding and should be identified as soon as possible for treatments.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
-Anxiety and irritability
-Feeling guilty and hopeless
-Pain such as migraine
-Lack of appetite
-having no interest in the baby or feeling as if they are another person’s responsibility
Some people experience postpartum psychosis which is a severe mental health problem that needs immediate medical attention. Symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, mania, paranoia, and confusion.
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