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Hemangiomas or strawberry marks: when they need treatment

Maybe you're taking care of your baby's skin and you've come across a pink or red lesion. Well, you should know that they are the so-called hemangioma or strawberry spots.

(Photo Credit: Getty Images)

A superficial hemangioma or strawberry hemangioma is a bright red spot that sticks out on the skin, so its appearance may be a bit reminiscent of that of a strawberry.

"They are clusters of extra blood vessels in a baby's skin," says the American Academy of Pediatrics. These spots "can be there when the baby is born or for a few weeks or months after birth. Some might look like red, gummy, lumpy strawberry-shaped spots, while others look like deep bruises. "

The same entity stresses that seeing a hemangioma appear can be something worrying for new parents, but insists that they are "very frequent" phenomena among minors, which affects one in 20 children.

According to the AAP, they can also appear in adults, but are much less frequent. In addition, he assures us that "they are seen more in girls, in babies who have been born prematurely or with low weight, and in multiple pregnancies".

Strawberry spots can appear anywhere on the body and be of any size, from measuring a few millimeters to occupying large areas of the trunk, face or extremities.

" The hemangioma increases in size rapidly during the first one to five months. Then, the growth slows until it stops around 9 months of age. From that moment, it begins to involucionar, that is, it disappears spontaneously. Its color goes from intense red to a duller red, with grayish areas and is flattening. This process is slow and usually lasts between five and ten years, "says, for its part, the Spanish Association of Pediatrics (AEP).

Why do strawberry stains appear?

(Photo Credit: Getty Images)

Hemangiomas are benign vascular tumors, that is, lesions that appear due to the proliferation of blood vessels in the area. The exact cause of the apparition is currently unknown, although experts note that the mothers are not to blame.

In this way, the ASP explains that they can not be prevented, and points out that the fact that there is someone in the family who has had it is considered a risk factor for another child in the same family having it.

Experts point out that hemangiomas can disappear over time, although the improvement may not be complete, since, depending on the size and type of hemangioma, they can disappear altogether or leave a lump of fat, a little stretched skin, or a residual reddish tone.

"The resolution process is slow and although it starts early, between 5-12 months of life, it can take several years; around 90% of hemangiomas finish their involution process in around 4 years," they point out from the AEP.

When does a hemangioma need treatment?

(Photo Credit: Getty Images)

Generally, hemangiomas or strawberry stains do not need treatment, just observation. For those who do need it, there are effective treatments to prevent hemangiomas from proliferating or to reduce their size.

Some hemangiomas, particularly those that appear on the face, around the eyes, nose, and lips, or those that are very large, need early treatment to prevent them from interfering with bodily functions or causing permanent scarring.

This type of hemangioma should be evaluated immediately by a dermatologist because there may be an impact on the opening of the eye, difficulty breathing, or have an associated anomaly. Thus, early treatment before they develop is going to be essential.

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) wants to remember when a childhood hemangioma needs treatment, noting that everything will depend on the age of the baby, where the hemangioma is, and how fast it is growing, if it hurts or forms a scab, and the risk of it causing medical complications for the health and well-being of your child.

(Photo Credit: Getty Images)

Specifically, the AAP cites the following reasons:

-Those that hinder some vital functions, such as the vision of an eye or feeding.

-Hemangiomas that ulcerate and cause significant discomfort.

-Those who are at risk of leaving aesthetic sequelae.

-If there is involvement of internal organs, such as the liver or airways.

In addition, this scientific institution emphasizes that, "unless complications appear, hemangiomas do not hurt or cause any discomfort to the child."

Content created and supplied by: Zeeboi598 (via Opera News )

American Academy of Pediatrics. Getty Hemangiomas strawberry


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