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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Health Implications of Drinking During Pregnancy On An Unborn Child

Fetal alcohol syndrome is a condition in a child that results from alcohol exposure during the mother's pregnancy. Fetal alcohol syndrome causes brain damage and growth problems. The problems caused by fetal alcohol syndrome vary from child to child, but defects caused by fetal alcohol syndrome are not reversible. According to many studies, alcohol use appears to be most harmful during the first three months of pregnancy. However, consumption of alcohol any time during pregnancy can be harmful, according to guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Signs and symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome may include any mix of physical defects, intellectual or cognitive disabilities, and problems functioning and coping with daily life.

Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorders (ARND)

(a) Intellectual disabilities.

(b) Learning problems.

(c) Behavior problems.

(d) Difficulties in school.

(e) Trouble learning math.

(f) Poor memory.

(g) Short attention span.

(h) Poor judgment.

(i) Acting impulsively.

Physical defects

Physical defects may include:

Distinctive facial features, including small eyes, an exceptionally thin upper lip, a short, upturned nose, and a smooth skin surface between the nose and upper lip.

(a) Deformities of joints, limbs and fingers.

(b) Slow physical growth before and after birth.

(c) Vision difficulties or hearing problems.

(d) Small head circumference and brain size.

(e) Heart defects and problems with kidneys and bones.

How is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) treated?

FASDs are 100% preventable. The only sure way to prevent FASDs is to completely avoid alcohol use while pregnant.The effects of FAS last a lifetime. However, early treatment can improve a child’s development. Treatment options include:

(a) Medications to treat some symptom.

(b) Behavior and education therapy.

(c) Parental training.

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Content created and supplied by: LIZZYhealthmedia (via Opera News )

Alcohol-Related American Academy of Pediatrics Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

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