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5 Reasons Why Some Women Die During Pregnancy & Ways To Avoid It.

Pregnancy is a special time in a woman's life, but unfortunately, it can also be a risky time. While most pregnancies result in healthy deliveries, there are cases where women die during pregnancy or shortly after giving birth. Maternal mortality is a serious issue that affects many countries, including developed nations. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 295,000 women died from pregnancy-related causes in 2017, with the vast majority of these deaths occurring in developing countries. In this article, we'll explore the reasons why some women die during pregnancy and discuss ways to avoid it.

Reasons for Maternal Mortality:

Hemorrhage: According to healthline, Hemorrhage or excessive bleeding is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality. It can occur during childbirth or after delivery due to issues like placental abruption, uterine rupture, or retained placenta. Hemorrhage can cause shock, which can lead to organ failure and death if not treated promptly.

Hypertensive disorders: Hypertensive disorders such as preeclampsia, eclampsia, and HELLP syndrome can be life-threatening for pregnant women. These conditions can cause high blood pressure, seizures, and damage to vital organs such as the kidneys and liver. In severe cases, they can lead to maternal and fetal death.

Infection: Infections during pregnancy can lead to maternal and fetal death. Women are more susceptible to infections during pregnancy because their immune system is weakened. Common infections that can cause maternal mortality include sepsis, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections.

Unsafe abortions: Unsafe abortions are a major cause of maternal mortality, especially in developing countries where abortion laws are restrictive, and access to safe abortion services is limited. Unsafe abortions can cause hemorrhage, infections, and organ damage, which can lead to maternal death.

Anemia: Anemia is a common condition during pregnancy, and it occurs when a woman doesn't have enough iron in her blood. If left untreated, anemia can lead to complications like hemorrhage and preterm birth, which can increase the risk of maternal mortality.

Ways to Avoid Maternal Mortality:

Access to quality healthcare: One of the most effective ways to reduce maternal mortality is by improving access to quality healthcare. Women should have access to skilled birth attendants, emergency obstetric care, and postpartum care. Health facilities should also be equipped with the necessary tools and supplies to manage complications such as hemorrhage, hypertensive disorders, and infections.

Early detection and management of complications: Early detection and management of complications during pregnancy can save lives. Women should receive regular antenatal care, and healthcare providers should screen for conditions like hypertension, anemia, and infections. If complications are detected, prompt treatment should be provided.

Safe abortion services: To reduce the number of maternal deaths due to unsafe abortions, women should have access to safe abortion services. Countries should revise their laws and policies to make safe abortion services legal and accessible. Women should also have access to post-abortion care to manage any complications.

Nutrition and anemia prevention: Good nutrition is essential during pregnancy to ensure the health of both the mother and the fetus. Women should receive counseling on proper nutrition and be encouraged to consume a balanced diet rich in iron, folate, and other essential nutrients. Iron supplements should also be provided to prevent anemia.

Education and empowerment: Education and empowerment of women can also help reduce maternal mortality. Women should be educated on the importance of antenatal care, family planning, and the dangers of unsafe abortions. They should also be empowered to make decisions about their reproductive health and have access to family planning services to prevent unintended pregnancies.


Maternal mortality is a serious issue that affects many women, especially in developing countries where access to quality healthcare is limited. The reasons for maternal mortality are varied, but most can be prevented with timely and appropriate interventions. Improving access to quality healthcare, early detection and management of complications, safe abortion services, nutrition and anemia prevention, and education and empowerment of women are all crucial steps towards reducing maternal mortality.

It's important to remember that maternal mortality is not just a medical issue; it's also a social and economic issue. Women who die during pregnancy or childbirth leave behind families and communities that are affected by their loss. Therefore, it's essential to address the underlying social and economic factors that contribute to maternal mortality, such as poverty, gender inequality, and lack of education.

In conclusion, reducing maternal mortality is a complex issue that requires a multi-faceted approach. Governments, healthcare providers, non-governmental organizations, and communities must work together to improve access to quality healthcare, early detection and management of complications, safe abortion services, nutrition and anemia prevention, and education and empowerment of women. By doing so, we can help ensure that every woman has the opportunity to experience a safe and healthy pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum period.

Content created and supplied by: Hopealive6 (via Opera News )

WHO World Health Organization


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