Dogs are creatures of Allah, the story of dogs is fully decumented in the Quran, Allah mention about a dog in Suratul Kahfi, also in prophetic tradition dogs are mentioned. However Islam doesn't permit keeping of dogs for no reason, it is forbidden.
It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever keeps a dog, except a dog for herding, hunting or farming, one qiraat will be deducted from his reward each day.” Narrated by Muslim, 1575.
Based on the above Hadith and Scholars concensus, a Muslim can only keep a dog under these three condition:
1. As a Guard
It's permissible to keep a dog to guard a house, but even under this condition, Islamic scholars said the house must be located far away from residential areas, if the house is within a city or People's settlement, then it is not permissible.
In this case a hunter is allowed to keep a dog for hunting purposes.
3. Farming/ herding
Farmers or cattle rearers can also keep a dog, it is allowed, as the dog can help them to guard their animals and crops against thieves.
Islamic ruling on kissing a dog
It is not permissible to kiss a dog in Islam, because kissing a dog can lead to infection, dogs have virus in their saliva, by kissing them one could easily contact diseases. That is why islamically if a dog drinks from a vessel, that vessel should be washed seven times and the eight with sand. Dogs spread bacterial disease called pasturella which could be damaging.
Islamic ruling on touching a dog
It is not forbidden to touch a dog, but if one touches a dog with wet hands, he should wash his hands seven times, one of which should be with soil. This is the opinion of Sheik Ibn Uthymen may Allah have mercy on him.
Muslims are expected to abide by Islamic teachings, keeping a dog is not a problem but under which condition?
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