Intelligence is best conceptualized and calculated by psychologists for a long time (Sternberg, 2003). The concerns include how many kinds of intelligence are there, the function of nature versus intelligence diet, how intelligence is expressed in the brain, and the importance of group intelligence differences.
In the early 1900s, the French psychologist Alfred Binet (1857-1914) and his colleague Henri Simon (1872-1961) began working in Paris to develop a measure that would differentiate students who were expected to be better learners from students who were expected to be slower learners. The goal was to help teachers better educate these two groups of students. Binet and Simon developed what most psychologists today regard as the first intelligence test (Figure 10.1, “Intelligence Tests in Schools”), which consisted of a wide variety of questions that included the ability to name objects, define words, draw pictures, complete sentences, compare items, and construct sentences.
Binet and Simon (Binet, Simon, & Town, 1915; Siegler, 1992) believed that the questions they asked their students, even though they were on the surface dissimilar, all assessed the basic abilities to understand, reason, and make judgments. And it turned out that the correlations among these different types of measures were, in fact, all positive; students who got one item correct were more likely to also get other items correct, even though the questions themselves were very different.
Based on these results, the psychologist Charles Spearman (1863-1945) hypothesized that there must be a single underlying construct that all of these items measure. He called the construct that the different abilities and skills measured on intelligence tests have in common the general intelligence factor (g). Virtually all psychologists now believe that there is a generalized intelligence factor, g, that relates to abstract thinking and that includes the abilities to acquire knowledge, to reason abstractly, to adapt to novel situations, and to benefit from instruction and experience (Gottfredson, 1997; Sternberg, 2003). People with higher general intelligence learn faster.
The American psychologist Lewis Terman (1877-1956) soon after Binet and Simon introduced their test, developed a US version of Binet 's test known as the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test. Stanford-Binet is a general intelligence measure made up of a wide range of tasks, including vocabulary, photograph memory, name of known objects, repeated words, and following orders.
Guardian Angel is watching over us and protecting us in the hardest of our lives. Angels are real and choose to communicate with us if we need guidance on our path to life. In your life, the presence of the high forces is an unbelievable spiritual gift.
Trusting Guardians Angels is a significant, first step towards spiritual advancement in your heart and soul. Knowing that the spirits want to communicate with you deeper is a good indication and is likely to take you to discoveries.
Smart people, with a sign on their foreheads, do not move, showing the world that they are smart people; their character reveals them. Intelligence is a life skill so important and everyone who has it has everything it takes to succeed in life.
Here Are Ten Things Highly Intelligent People Do Not Do:
1. They Don't Joke With Time Management:
Intelligent people realize that proper management of time can make them evolve beyond their wildest expectations, so every moment is taken seriously.
2. They Never Fail To Pay Attention To Details:
As smart people know the effect of living a carefree life, they pay attention to every detail of their lives. They are so detailed that needless errors are inflicted on the bud before being more difficult.
3. They Never Underestimate The Power Of Information:
These smart people know that knowledge is power and therefore they are always up-to - date. They are voracious readers with a wide range of information.
4. They Never Underestimate The Power Of Friendships:
Such people know better than to play lightly with their families. You realize that friends will mold their life for the better as far as life remains. Therefore, they 're not in a hurry to make friends.
5. They Don't Joke With Body Language:
Though people are not so wise, only spoken words will understand. Smart people read the language of their bodies, too. Body language means non-vocal messages that are transmitted by men. A smart person will say that by just looking at you, in pain, frustration, or joy.
6. They Don't Miss Opportunities To Network With The 'Big Fishes':
Those smart people may not have all the money in the world, but they do not fail to meet and talk to those people in their lives and their chosen careers do better than they.
7. Intelligent People, Never Fail To Always Leave A Good Impression:
Intelligent people make efforts to give the minds of the people they meet a lasting impression. You understand the power of the impressions, therefore you never miss the power of the impressions, and when necessary, you never miss the power of the impressions.
8. They Don't Strive To Please Everybody:
Smart people know it's death, everybody wants to please. They, therefore, resign themselves, while leaving the rest, to choosing wisely those they should please.
9. They Never Make Hasty Decisions:
Intelligent individuals, understand that hasty decisions are one of the greatest enemies of success. Hence, they take their time to make well-thought-out decisions.
10. They Never Trade Blames:
These citizens are mindful of the ability to take responsibility for actions. And they do better than blame people for failure when they see any poor outcomes in company or life. Instead, they re-strategize and improve in life.
It is my earnest desire that you make use of some I these salient points, to be best version of yourself.
God bless and keep us all!
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