Since Nigeria gained her independence is 1960, it is evident that we haven’t developed much. If anything, development has occurred at a declining rate. Using the dollar as an example, we see that the naira has steadily weakened from the time of independence till now going from #0.7 for 1USD to #360 for 1 USD . The essence of this example is to capture the decline in the strength of the naira and essentially the economy. Also, since her independence, Nigeria has endured a series of bad leaders which has in turn caused a severe breakdown in the administration of the country and as such, we lack adequate healthcare and educational facilities.
According to a study conducted by UNICEF in 2015, Nigeria was declared to have 10.5million children out of school; that amount being the highest in the world . Most recently, the country faces issues like falling GDP growth rates with 87 million Nigerians living in absolute poverty. There is also the problem of mass illiteracy and infant mortality at a rate of 70 deaths per 1000 births. In addition to this, we have also dealt with the terrors of Boko Haram (Education is Forbidden) for many years and of late occurrence a rise of killings conducted by Fulani herdsmen.
By definition, a failed state is one that is unable to perform the fundamental functions and suffers from bad governance, education and healthcare often as a result of immense poverty and extreme violence. From this definition and the previous paragraph, we see that Nigeria indeed fits this description and is a failed state theoretically. However, amidst the chaos and lapses in the economy, the country continues to sustain itself in a way that is not recorded in the formal economy and for that reason, Nigeria is not a failed state. This is due to the ability of the citizens taking on the role as the government in their personal situations and then self-organising in various ways. It should also be noted that though the government are underperforming, they have made efforts to improve conditions, which will also be seen further. There are numerous examples of how people, organisations and even the government have developed sustainable systems that are comparable and, in some cases, better than elsewhere in the world. This article hus aims to emphasise the point that Nigeria is not a failed state as it highlights examples of successful self-organised sectors. This article also attempts to explain why Nigeria and Nigerians are important to the world and how the country and its people have been able to overcome a very challenging environment to succeed to a smaller extent on a national scale and to larger extent on an individual scale. Finally, this article will suggest how success stories can be projected on a national scale to improve outcomes and indicators for the country’s rapidly increasing population of the country.in the subsequent series we would explore how Nigeria can harness its resource and turn its tide for good
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