Many Igbo youths have been clamoring for an independent state of Biafra. They claim social injustice and political inequality as reasons for their demands, true as their point maybe, there are more polite and modern approaches to achieving egalitarianism than pursuit of separatism because I strongly believe that a united and egalitarian Nigeria will be better in all respects than Biafra for all tribes in Nigeria with the following reasons:
1. Bigger nations are always stronger
The United States of America is a super power today partly because it is a large country. The USSR was a very strong super power posing a great threat to the U.S, even though they were socialist republic and facing the challenges of socialism in the 20th century, they still remained a powerful power block because of their population and size. But with their disintegration, most of those countries apart from Russia are not quite noticable in world politics again.
2. Large countries enjoy comparative advantage
There is always a comparative advantage when a country is large and populated. The resources of one side of the country can easily be enjoyed by other parts of the country. For instance, we have the Kanji dam in the North Central which enables the supply of electricity to other parts of the country. We also have crude oil primarily in the south south. We have large agricultural production in the North Central. We have solid minerals scattered in many parts of the country. A United Nigeria guarantees collective enjoyment of all these resources abundantly scattered all over the country. All that is needed in Nigeria is a genuine struggle for social justice and equity by all Nigerians.
3. A bigger country can stand tall in world politics
It is obvious that larger and more populated countries are recognised more in world politics. Nigeria is recognised as a regional power because of it's large population in African continent. Should we disintegrate we lose this benefit as a regional power.
4. Social justice and equity is not guaranteed by smaller size
It is clear from history that no country have achieved social justice and equity through disintegration. The case of Eritrea, Sudan and Libya are clear examples that disintegration does not guarantee improvement in the welfare of citizens. The refusal of some south east states to pay salaries to their own citizens is an indication that social justice may not be guaranteed even in Biafra.
5. A larger Country means a larger market for international and local producers
Nigeria is considered a very large market for international and local producers because of it's large population. Biafra will be a smaller country with relatively far smaller market.
6. It may be difficult to realise Biafra without Armed conflict
It is quite deceptive to believe that disintegration is achievable without armed conflict. Even the USSR, that was a Confederate state did not disintegrate without armed conflict. Any clamour for disintegration should put into consideration the possibility of armed conflict. Armed conflict is however the major cause of abject poverty and deaths in many countries.
It is evident from history that countries are stronger when they are larger than when they are smaller. A united Nigeria will pay all sectors of the country than a disintegrated Nigeria. All we need to struggle for, is to achieve an egalitarian society, where all Nigerians irrespective of tribe can aspire the highest office in the land; where tribe and religion is not a major consideration but character.
Abraham Lincoln is today ranked the best president in America for his role in abolishing slavery, unifying the various factions of America in the American civil war and strengthening the unity of the country. In the same way, all Nigerians should unite on a genuine struggle for social justice and true unity.
All Nigerians should shun the desire for tribal superiority and religious begotory an embrace love for one another and social equility. Which are the true virtues of egalitarian societies.
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