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Nigeria politics

Check out those who have ruled Nigeria till date (head of state)

This is a list of the heads of state of Nigeria , from Nigeria 's independence in 1960 to the present day.

From 1960 to 1963 the head of state under the Nigeria Independence Act 1960 was the Queen of Nigeria , Elizabeth II , who was also monarch of the United Kingdom and the other

Commonwealth realms . The Queen was represented in Nigeria by a Governor-General . Nigeria became a federal republic under the Constitution of 1963 and the monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial

President.

In 1979, under the 1979 Constitution, the President gained executive powers, becoming head of both state and government. Since 1994, under the 1993 Constitution and the current 1999 Constitution, the head of state and government has been called the President. [1]

Monarch (1960–1963)

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne .

Queen Reign

No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death) Start End

1 Elizabeth II

(born 1926) 1 October 1960 1 October 1963

Governor-General

Standard of the Governor-General of Nigeria

The Governor-General was the representative of the monarch in Nigeria and exercised most of the powers of the monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the monarch. Since Nigeria was granted independence by the Nigeria Independence Act 1960 , rather than being first established as a semi-autonomous Dominion and later promoted to independence by the

Statute of Westminster 1931 , the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Nigerian cabinet without the involvement of the British government, with the sole of exception of James Robertson, the former colonial governor, who served as Governor-General temporarily until he was replaced by Nnamdi Azikiwe. In the event of a vacancy the

Chief Justice would have served as Officer Administering the Government .

Governor-General Term of office

No. Name

(Birth–Death) Took office Left office Time in office

1 Sir James Robertson

(1899–1983) 1 October 1960 16 November 1960 46 days

2 Nnamdi Azikiwe

(1904–1996) 16 November 1960 1 October 1963 2 years, 319 days

First Republic (1963–1966)

Under the 1963 Constitution, the first constitution of the Republic of Nigeria, Nigeria ran the parliamentary system of government with a prime minister and the President replacing the monarch as ceremonial head of state. The Prime Minister was formed by the leader of the party that won the election. The first federal election was won by the Northern People's Congress led by Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. The President was elected by Parliament for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the President of the Senate would have served as Acting President.

President Term of office

Politi par No. Name

(Birth–Death) Took office Left office Time in office

1 Nnamdi Azikiwe

(1904–1996) 1 October 1963 16 January 1966 2 years, 107 days Natio Counc Nigeria th Camer

Military rule (1966–1979)

In 1966, Major Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu led a bloody coup d'état in 1966 which overthrew the First Nigerian Republic, assassinating Premier Ahmadu Bello and Prime Minister

Abubakar Tafawa Balewa .

Head of state Term

No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death) Took office Lef

2 Major-General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi

(1924–1966) 16 January 1966 29 J

( assa

3 General Yakubu Gowon

(born 1934) 1 August 1966 29 J

( de

4 General Murtala Mohammed

(1938–1976) 29 July 1975 13 F

( assa

5 Major-General Olusegun Obasanjo

(born 1937) 13 February 1976 1 O

( res

Second Republic (1979–1983)

Under the 1979 Constitution, the second constitution of the Republic of Nigeria, the President was head of both state and government. The President was elected by for a four-year term. In the event of a vacancy the

Vice President would have served as Acting President.

President

Elected Ter

No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death) Took office Le

6 Shehu Shagari

(1925–2018) 1979

1983 1 October 1979 D

( d

Military rule (1983–1993)

Major-General Muhammadu Buhari led a coup d'état which overthrew President Shagari and his government.

Head of state Term

No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death) Took office Lef

7 Major-General Muhammadu Buhari

(born 1942) 31 December 1983 27

( de

8 General Ibrahim Babangida

(born 1941) 27 August 1985 26

( re

Interim National Government (1993)

Following the annulment of the 1993 Nigerian presidential election which terminated the transition to the Third Nigerian Republic . In August 1993, Babangida resigned from office. He signed a decree establishing the Interim National Government led by Ernest Shonekan. Babangida made the interim government weak by placing it under the control of the military.

President Term of office P

(at st No. Name

(Birth–Death) Took office Left office Time in office

9 Ernest Shonekan

(born 1936) 26 August 1993 17 November 1993

( deposed. ) 83 days Inde

Military rule (1993–1999)

In November 1993, General Sani Abacha overthrew the interim government, and ruled the country with an iron fist. In 1998, following Abacha's death, General Abdulsalami Abubakar became head of state and ushered in the Fourth Nigerian Republic .

Head of state Term

No. Portrait Name

(Birth–Death) Took office Left

10 General Sani Abacha

(1943–1998) 17 November 1993

11 General Abdulsalami Abubakar

(born 1942) 8 June 1998 29 1

( res

Fourth Republic (1999–present)

Under the fourth Constitution of the Republic of Nigeria, the President is head of both state and government. The President is elected by for a four-year term. In the event of a vacancy the

Vice President serves as Acting President.

Status

Denotes Vice President acting as President

President

Elected No. Portrait Name Took office

12 Olusegun Obasanjo

(1937–) 1999

2003 29 May 1999

13 Umaru Musa Yar'Adua

(1951–2010) 2007 29 May 2007

14 Goodluck Jonathan

(1957–) 2011 5 May 2010

15 Muhammadu Buhari

(1942–) 2015

2019 29 May 2015

Living former heads of state of Nigeria.

Content created and supplied by: BishopNathblog (via Opera News )

Commonwealth Constitution Elizabeth II Nigeria Independence Act Nigerian

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