Race has perhaps been in the picture for thousands of years, and as it classified today, it has been classified since the time of old biblical characters. I happen to prefer the biblical classification of race rather than the recent classification that only seem to tear us apart and create a right from a simple term. Of course in the biblical classification of race, race is due to ancestor and not necessarily by color. Which makes it even more fascinating and quite acceptable.
Just before we get into the classification of race and the terminology given to each race in the Bible, one must first go into the descendants of Noah. Although, there are debates on Noah being able to have another son aboard the boat but that is simply ideas fashioned to explain the missing holes in the story of the refill of our population.
The descendants of Noah perhaps with their wives were able to mix and create an atmosphere that we now have. It's still strange to me how they must have felt. The responsibility is given to them. They were left with the responsibility of refilling the population.
Shem's descendants: Genesis chapter 10 verses 21–30 gives one list of descendants of Shem. In chapter 11 verses 10–26 the second list of descendants of Shem names Abraham and thus the Israelites. In the view of some 17th-century European scholars (e.g., John Webb), the Native American peoples of North and South America, eastern Persia, and "the Indias" descended from Shem.
Ham's descendants: The forefather of Cush, Egypt, and Put, and of Canaan, whose lands include portions of Africa, Arabia, Syria-Palestine, and Mesopotamia. The etymology of his name is uncertain; some scholars have linked it to terms connected with divinity, but a divine or semi-divine status for Ham is unlikely.
Japheth's descendants: Japhet's name is related with the mythological Greek Titan Iapetos, and his sons include Javan, the Greek-speaking cities of Ionia, this perhaps suggests that Greeks believe that they are descendants of Japhet.
"The sons of Japheth are
Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tuval, and Meshech and Tiras, while the names of their diocese are Africa proper, and Germania, and Media, and Macedonia, and Bithynia, and Moesia (var. Mysia) and Thrace.
Now, the sons of Gomer were Ashkenaz, and Rifath and Togarmah, while the names of their diocese are Asia, and Parthia and the ‘land of the barbarians.’ The sons of Javan were Elisha, and Tarshish, Kitim and Dodanim, while the names of their diocese are Elis, and Tarsus, Achaia and Dardania." ---Targum Pseudo-Jonathan on Genesis 10:2–5
"The sons of Ḥam are
Kūš, and Miṣrayim, and Fūṭ (Phut), and Kenaʻan, while the names of their diocese are Arabia, and Egypt, and Elīḥerūq and Canaan. The sons of Kūš are Sebā and Ḥawīlah and Savtah and Raʻamah and Savteḫā, [while the sons of Raʻamah are Ševā and Dedan]. The names of their diocese are called Sīnīrae, and Hīndīqī, Samarae, Lūbae, Zinğae, while the sons of Mauretinos are [the inhabitants of] Zemarğad and [the inhabitants of] Mezağ." ---Targum Pseudo-Jonathan on Genesis 10:6–7
"The sons of Shem are
Elam, and Ashur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram. [And the children of Aram are these: Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash. Now, Arphaxad begat Shelah (Salah), and Shelah begat Eber. Unto Eber were born two sons, the one named Peleg, since in his days the [nations of the] earth were divided, while the name of his brother is Joktan.Joktan begat Almodad, who measured the earth with ropes; Sheleph, who drew out the waters of rivers; and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah, and Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah, and Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba, and Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab, all of whom are the sons of Joktan.” ---Targum Pseudo-Jonathan on Genesis 10: 22–28.
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