The Nigerian civil war created an opportunity for Nigerian decision-makers to review the nation's foreign policy. Nigeria was neglected by the neutral position of the British government during the civil war. The issue of colonialism was one of the determinants of the nature of Nigeria's foreign policy. The British government at the point of leaving had influenced the major sectors of Nigeria like; education, administration, legal, judicial and official language.
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The British continued to influence all aspects of Nigeria even up till today. The Britain also linked Nigeria with the capitalist economy of the West. This was obvious in the foreign economic policy of Nigeria during the administration of General Yakubu Gowon.
Aside from the issue of British influence and the reluctance of Britain to support Nigeria at the beginning of the Nigerian civil war, General Yakubu Gowon found it difficult to remove Nigeria from the influences of British colonization. The Britain had powerful effects one the foreign policy of Nigeria under the tenure of General Yakubu Gowon.
In conclusion, perhaps, Gowon believed that Britain being Nigeria's colonial master made it safer to align with it than any other country because of the popular believe: "a known devil is better than unknown angel".
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