Sani Abacha (born on September 20, 1943) He was Kanuri man from Borno state but studied and lived in Kano state . Abacha was a former military leader from 1993-1998. A former head of state , Chief of Army staff in Nigeria between 1985 -1990 .
According to historical documents General Sani Abacha was the first soldier in Nigeria who attain the rank of a full military General in Nigeria without skipping a single rank . Also, Sani Abacha was dedicated Nigerian military man with experience for how to deal with insecurity challenges in Nigeria.
During his time in military service he served as the Commender in chief to the Nigerian Defence .
Sani Abacha attended Nigerian Military training collage in Kaduna state. back then, he attended the Mons Officer Cadet School in Akdershoot ,England .
However, Abacha participated Nigerian civil war and he was a platoon and battalion commander . Later he became ,commander of the 2nd Infantry Division in 1975 .
However, he was the General officer commending of the 2nd Mechanised Division. later, he was appointed as one of the member of the supreme Military council Coup d'e'tat's .
During his military career he was marked by involvement in all the military coups in Nigeria. When General Sani Abacha was second lieutenant with 3rd Battalion in Kaduna state ,he took part in counter-coup in July 1963.
Also , he played a prominent role in 1983 coup d'e'tat which brought General Muhammadu Buhari into power .
Also, he played a prominent role to removed General Muhammad Buhari from power in 1985 .During that time ,General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida was named as the president and Chief of Army staff to Nigerian government.
When Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida was brought in to power he appointed General Abacha as the Minister of Defence in 1990.
It is on 17th November 1993 .He became the Minister Of Defence in Nigeria and he enforced interim president to resign .
In 1994 he issued a decree that placed his government above the jurisdiction of the courts.
Another decree gave him right to detain any person who violate the law for up to three month without trial.
After Moshood Abiola proclaimed himself as Nigerian president General Sani Abacha jailed Abiola for treason ,later he died in jail.
Also, when the former military leader Olusegun Obasanjo accused for plotting a coupe together with General Oladipo Diya , Abacha jailed Obasonjo in 1997 . Also Shehu Yaradua was jailed and later, he died in prison .
During his regime he imposed authoritarian police state and it was controlled by his chief of security officer Hamza Almustapha.
During his regime he assembled a special personal security force with three thousand men , trained in north Korea purposely for dealing with security challenges in the country.
However, Abacha administration oversaw increase in the Nigerian foreign exchange reserves .therefore
Also , his government constructed urban Road of 25-100 km in major cities like Kano ,Benin,Zaria Enugu,Kaduna Funtua ,Aba , Rivers ,Lagos and Lokoja .
General Sani Abacha has brought privatisation programs in Nigeria, Reduced inflation rate 54% inherited from Shonekan to 8.5% between 1993-1998.
However, he reorganized Nigeria into six geopolitical zones ,for the intentions to reflect cultural ,economic and political realities of the region.
Also, Abacha government was criticized and accused for corruption and human right abuses for hanging of Ogoni activist Ken Saro -Wiwa .
However, the former head of state in Nigeria General Sani Abacha married to Maryam Abacha and they had seven children, sons and daughters including Mohammed Abacha who contested in Kano state governorship election under the platform of CPC political party.
General Sani Abacha died on 8 June 1998 in Federal capital territory , Aso Rock villa at Abuja . He buried according to Islamic tradition .
Source Wikipedia/ Britannica
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