Food Security means having, at all times, both physical and economic access to sufficient food to meet dietary requirement for a productive and healthy life. A country is food secured when its members do not live in hunger or fear of hunger.
There are five significant indicators that measure the level of food security in a country. They are availability of food, access to food, utilisation of food, food stability and malnutrition. If a country suffers deficit from any of the factors that determine the food security of a nation, the country may need to revisit her programme or policy that may be responsible for such occurrence.
Regrettably, Nigeria as a nation can not boast of having enough food items that meet dietary requirement of the citizens. This has resulted into uncontrollable rise in the prices of food items while majority of the population find it difficult to feed themselves, satisfactorily, for three time in a day.
However, there are two strategic measures that could be taken by the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari, in the course of restoring food security in the country.
One, there is no doubt, the menace of banditry has caused a lot of rot to the agricultural sector in Nigeria. Farmers are fearing to go to their farmlands for the fears of being kidnapped or killed by the bandits.
Regrettably, majority of farmers who risked the wrath of the bandits and managed to cultivate their farmlands are, pathetically, having their crops eaten up by herd of cattle with little to no compensation.
Federal Government of Nigeria should, convincingly, encourage the state government across the 36 states of the Federal Republic of Nigeria to constitute security team consisting of Police Officers, Military and Local Security volunteers to, drastically, comb all the forests across the 774 local government areas and flush out the bandits.
Although, an alike security setup has been deployed by the Federal Government but it is not yet effective. Government should, holistically, look into this and get the bandits flushed out of the forests.
Secondly, while government is doing everything possible to restore peace to the forests, farmlands and rural areas across the 774 local government areas in Nigeria, Federal Government of Nigeria can do better by opening border for food importation from the neighboring countries.
The fact is that owing to the insecurity challenges in the forests, Nigerian farmers are unable to produce enough food items that could, satisfactorily, ensure food security in the country.
The closure of borders has also blocked chances of, possibly, balancing the food shortages through importation of food items from neighboring countries. Federal Government of Nigeria can ensure food security by opening the border for importation of food items from neighboring countries.
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