Opera News

Opera News App

What you need to know about AFRICA

Ace_news
By Ace_news | self meida writer
Published 7 months ago - 3 views

The history of Africa begins with the emergence of hominids , archaic humans and—at least 200,000 years ago— anatomically modern humans ( Homo sapiens ), in East Africa , and continues unbroken into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states.

The earliest known recorded history arose in Ancient Egypt , and later in

Nubia , the Sahel, the Maghreb and the Horn of Africa .

Following the desertification of the Sahara, North African history became entwined with the Middle East and Southern Europe while the Bantu expansion swept from modern day Cameroon (Central Africa) across much of the sub-Saharan continent in waves between around 1000 BC and 0 AD , creating a linguistic commonality across much of the central and Southern continent.

During the Middle Ages, Islam spread west from Arabia to Egypt, crossing the Maghreb and the Sahel. Some notable pre-colonial states and societies in Africa include the Ajuran Empire,

D'mt , Adal Sultanate , Alodia , Warsangali Sultanate, Kingdom of Nri, Nok culture, Mali Empire, Songhai Empire, Benin Empire, Oyo Empire, Kingdom of Lunda (Punu-yaka), Ashanti Empire, Ghana Empire, Mossi Kingdoms , Mutapa Empire, Kingdom of Mapungubwe , Kingdom of Sine , Kingdom of Sennar , Kingdom of Saloum ,

Kingdom of Baol , Kingdom of Cayor, Kingdom of Zimbabwe , Kingdom of Kongo, Empire of Kaabu , Kingdom of Ile Ife, Ancient Carthage , Numidia ,

Mauretania , and the Aksumite Empire. At its peak, prior to European colonialism, it is estimated that Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs.

From the mid-7th century, the Arab slave trade saw Muslim Arabs enslave Africans. Following an armistice between the Rashidun Caliphate and the Kingdom of Makuria after the Second Battle of Dongola in 652 AD, they were transported, along with Asians and Europeans, across the Red Sea , Indian Ocean , and Sahara Desert. [ citation needed ]

From the late 15th century, Europeans joined the slave trade. One could say the Portuguese led in partnership with other Europeans. That includes the triangular trade, with the Portuguese initially acquiring slaves through trade and later by force as part of the Atlantic slave trade . They transported enslaved West, Central , and

Southern Africans overseas. Subsequently, European colonization of Africa developed rapidly from around 10% (1870) to over 90% (1914) in the Scramble for Africa (1881–1914). However following struggles for independence in many parts of the continent, as well as a weakened Europe after the Second World War

(1939–1945), decolonization took place across the continent, culminating in the 1960 Year of Africa .

Disciplines such as recording of oral history ,

historical linguistics , archaeology and genetics have been vital in rediscovering the great African civilizations of antiquity.

Content created and supplied by: Ace_news (via Opera News )

Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform

YOU MAY LIKE

3 Days To Go: As Boko Haram Threatened To Kill This Pastor, See What Shehu Sani Told FG To Do

5 minutes ago

6 🔥

3 Days To Go: As Boko Haram Threatened To Kill This Pastor, See What Shehu Sani Told FG To Do

Angela Nwosu praises husband as she celebrates anniversary

6 minutes ago

3 🔥

Angela Nwosu praises husband as she celebrates anniversary

Photos Of Pastor Kumuyi, Adeboye, Oyedepo, Enenche, Suleman & Others That Showed Respect And Love

7 minutes ago

3 🔥

Photos Of Pastor Kumuyi, Adeboye, Oyedepo, Enenche, Suleman & Others That Showed Respect And Love

"Schools Should Stop Imposing Religious Activities On Students"-Lady Says.

12 minutes ago

0 🔥

Man brings out nails from a drug pack (video).

15 minutes ago

3 🔥

Man brings out nails from a drug pack (video).

15 Hilarious Jokes Of The Day

18 minutes ago

4 🔥

15 Hilarious Jokes Of The Day

Apostle Johnson Suleman Officially Opens The Prayer Mountain Called Mount Carmel

23 minutes ago

12 🔥

Apostle Johnson Suleman Officially Opens The Prayer Mountain Called Mount Carmel

Ganduje Fixes Date For Religious Debate Between Sheikh Abduljabbar And Other Scholars

23 minutes ago

52 🔥

Ganduje Fixes Date For Religious Debate Between Sheikh Abduljabbar And Other Scholars

Thank God For Blessing Me With A Body That Any Man Will Die For, A Girl Says

24 minutes ago

14 🔥

Thank God For Blessing Me With A Body That Any Man Will Die For, A Girl Says

Chioma Trends on Twitter After Davido is spotted With Another Woman

24 minutes ago

35 🔥

Chioma Trends on Twitter After Davido is spotted With Another Woman

COMMENTS