Sign in
Download Opera News App

Politics Policy

 

Politics

 

US politics

Do you know that there's a party called black panther? See why it is still respected in the US

Black Panthers were part of the larger Black Power movement, which emphasized black pride, community control and unification for civil rights.

The Black panther Party (BPP), originally the Black Panther Party for self Defense, was a black power political organization founded by college students Bobby seale(Chairman) and Huey p Newton in October 1966 in Oakland California. The party was active in the United States from 1966 until 1982, with chapters in some major cities, and international chapters in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s, and in Algetia from 1969 to 1972.

The Blank Panther party was created on October 15, 1966, its core practice was to monitor the behavior of officers of the Oakland police Department and challenge police brutality in the city.

The Party instituted the free breakfast for children, Programs to address food injustice, and community health clinics for education and treatment of diseases including sickle cell anemia, tuberculosis, and later HIV/AIDS.

The Party members were involved in many fatal firefights with police. This party consist of majority of African Americans and very few whites.

Photo credit : New York Times

In 1969, federal bureau of investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover described the party as "the greatest threat to the internal security of the country."He developed and supervised an extensive counterintelligence program (COINTELPRO) of surveillance, infiltration, perjury, police harassment, and many other tactics, designed to undermine Panther leadership, incriminate and assassinate party members, discredit and criminalize the Party, and drain organizational resources and manpower. The program was responsible for the assassination of Fred Hampton and is accused of assassinating other Black Panther members, including Mark clark.

There is considerable debate about the impact of the Black Panther Party on the wider society, or even their local environments. Author Jama Lazerow writes:

As inheritors of the discipline, pride, and calm self-assurance preached by Malcolm X, the Panthers became national heroes in black communities by infusing abstract nationalism with street toughness—by joining the rhythms of black working-class youth culture to the interracial élan and effervescence of Bay Area New Left politics ... In 1966, the Panthers defined Oakland's ghetto as a territory, the police as interlopers, and the Panther mission as the defense of community. The Panthers' famous "policing the police" drew attention to the spatial remove that White Americans enjoyed from the police brutality that had come to characterize life in black urban communities.

Professor Judson Jeffries of purdue university, calls the Panthers "the most effective black revolutionary organization in the 20th century".

Numerous former Panthers have held elected office in the United States, some into the 21st century; In 1990, the Chicago city council passed a resolution declaring "Fred Hampton Day" in honor of the slain leader.

 In Winston-salem in 2012, a large contingent of local officials and community leaders came together to install a historic marker of the local BPP headquarters; State Representative Earline Parmone declared "The Black Panther Party dared to stand up and say, 'We're fed up and we're not taking it anymore'. Because they had courage, today I stand as the first African American ever to represent Forsyth County in the state Senate".

In October 2006, the Black Panther Party held a 40-year reunion in Oakland.



Source : Black panther, Wikipedia , Pearson, Hugh (1994). The Shadow of the Panther.

Content created and supplied by: Ayeshatudanbello1 (via Opera News )

BPP Black Panther Party Bobby seale( Huey p Newton Oakland police Department

COMMENTS

Load app to read more comments