Nigeria was colonised by the British, and it was not until 1st October 1960 before she got her independence, and subsequently in 1963 she became a republic. Since that time, Nigeria has been under the leadership of various presidents and heads of state. They include:
1. Dr Nnamdi Azikwe:
After Nigeria became a republic in 1963, Dr Nnamdi Azikwe was elected as the first president. According to Wikipedia, he came to be known as the 'Father of Nigerian Nationalism'.
2. Major General Aguyi Ironsi:
On the 16th of January 1966, Major General Aguyi Ironsi took position as the first head of state in Nigeria. On the 29th July of that same year, he was assassinated.
3. General Yakubu Gowon:
He took position as president on the 1st August 1966 after the assassination of Major General Aguyi Ironsi. On the 29th of July 1975, he was deposed from office by a coup detat while attending a conference in Uganda.
4. General Murtala Mohammed:
He staged the bloodless coup that overthrew General Yakubu Gowon, and by 29th July, 1975 he assumed power as the head of state. However on the 13th February 1976, he was assassinated.
5. Major General Olusegun Obasanjo:
Following the assassination of General Murtala Mohammed during a failed coup attempt, Major General Olusegun Obasanjo stepped into power as his successor. In 1979, he resigned and handed power back to the civilian government.
6. Alhaji Shehu Shagari:
He was elected into power in October 1979, and was later deposed on the 31st of December 1983.
7. Major General Muhammadu Buhari:
On the 31st of December 1983, he assumed office following a coup which overthrew the previous civilian government. In August 1985, he was deposed from power.
8. General Ibrahim Babangida:
He staged a coup which overthrew Major General Muhammadu Buhari's regime in 1985. He however resigned from power in 1983.
9. Chief Ernest Shonekan:
He is considered to be the head of state that served for the shortest time. He assumed power as interim head of state in August 1993 and was overthrown by November 1993, making it a total of 83 days of him being in power.
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