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Nigeria politics

Important Dates and Events in Nigerian History

1. The Nigerian army was founded in 1862 by Clover of the Royal Navy.

2. The first motor road (Ibadan to Oyo) was completed in 1901.

3. The Amalgamation of Southern and Northern Nigeria was done by Lord Frederick Lugard in 1914.

4. Herbert Macaulay, supported by Adeniyi Karimu Kotun, J.T white and Bauldink founded the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP) in 1922.

5. The first general strike in Nigeria which lasted for 44 days, took place in 1945.

6. In 1948, chief bode Thomas, a prominent Lagos lawyer, started a Lagos newspaper that sought to divide Nigeria into three regions.

7. Mr. Eyo Ita, erstwhile chairman of the eastern regional development corporation, accused Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe of abusing office, by allowing public funds to be invested in the African Continental Bank, ACB, in which Dr. Azikiwe had interest.

8. Nigeria took control of the Army from the British colonial government on first April, 1957.

9. WNTV now NTA, the first African television transmitting station was established in Ibadan in 1958.

10. The Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN, was established in 1958, and opened for operation in 1959.

11. On 30th September, 1960, national prayer was held at the Lagos race, for the impeding independence.

12. Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe was in Rome on September 21, 1960, watching the Olympic games, when he was named governor-general of Nigeria.

13. Nigeria gained Independence from great Britain on 1st October, 1960.

14. Chief Obafemi Awolowo was, on 2nd November, 1962, charged with 26 others for conspiring to overthrow the Federal Government by force.

15. Nigeria became a republic on 1st October, 1963.

16. On 15th January, 1966, a number of officers of the Nigeria Army carried out a coup d’état, bringing in Major-General J.T Aguiyi-Ironsi, as the military head of state.

17. On 22nd July, 1966, Aguiyi-Ironsi was killed in a counter-coup d’état carried out by Gen. Yakubu Gowon.

18. Nigeria was divided into 12 states on 27th May, 1967.

19. The Nigeria civil war started in July, 1967, and lasted for the 30 months.

20. Nigeria changed from left-hand drive to right-hand drive on 2nd April 1972.

22. On 12th January, 1970, Gen. Effiong surrendered to the Federal Troops, and the war came to a stop.

23. A plane crashed in Kano, Nigeria on 22nd January, 1973, killing 176 people.

24. Naira and kobo came into use in Nigeria on 1st January, 1973.

25. The National Stadium in Lagos was commissioned on 4th December, 1973.

26. On 22nd December, 1973, National Youth Service Corps, NYSC, was introduced under decree 24, of the year.

27. Gen. Yakubu Gowon was overthrown in a coup d’état by Gen. Murtala Mohammed in 1975.

28. Gen. Murtala Mohammed created 7 states on 3rd January, 1976.

29. On 18th February, 1977, Fela’s Kalakuta republic was burnt by unknown soldiers.

30. A new National Anthem was was introduced on 1st October, 1978.

31. On 11th August, 1979, five political parties – UPN, NPN, GNPP, PRP and NPP – contested the presidential election, in which Alh. Shehu Shagari, of NPN was declared winner by FEDECO.

32. On 11th September, 1979, Argument of 2/3 of 19 states started at the Supreme Court.

33. Chief Awolowo and his UPN’S Appeal failed, and Alh. Shagari was declared the president by the tribunal on 26th September, 1979.

34. On 1st October, 1979, Alh. Shehu Shagari was sworn in as the first Executive president amid chaos and protests.

35. The second republic was terminated by Gen. Muhammadu Buhari through a coup d’état, on 31st December, 1983.

36. On 20th march, 1984, war against indiscipline, WAI, was established..

37. Buhari’s government was terminated by Gen. Ibrahim Babangida on 29th august 1985.

38. The obnoxious decree 4 was abolished by Gen. Babangida, and replaced with decree 2, in 1985.

39. Prof. Wole Soyinka won the Nobel prize in literature on 16th October, 1986.

40. On 19th October, 1986, Dele Giwa – a foremost journalist- was killed through a parcel bomb.

41. On 9th May, 1987, Chief Obafemi Awolowo died.

42. The Federal Road Safety Commission, FRSC, was established on 18th February, 1988, and Prof. Wole Soyinka was the first chairmen.

43. On 22nd April, 1990, a failed bloody coup d’état was led by Major-General Gwazar Gideon Orkar; Major Bello – Babangida’s ADC was killed.

44. On 12th June, 1993, presidential election was held, with MKO Abiola as the candidate of SDP, and Alhaji Tofa as the candidate of nrc; the election later annulled by Gen. Babangida.

45. Chief Ernest Shonekan was appointed Chairman of the Interim National Government, after gen. Babangida stepped aside on 26th August, 1993.

46. Chief Ernest Shonekan was forced to resign, and Gen. Sani Abacha took over the government on 17th November, 1993.

47. On 12th June, 1994, Chief MKO Abiola declared himself president.

48. Ken Saro-Wiwa and 8 other Ogoni men were hanged by Gen. Abacha on 10th November, 1995.

49. Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe died on march 11, 1996.

50. On 4th June, 1996, Alhaja Kudirat Abiola, the wife of Chief MKO Abiola was assassinated, and buried on 5th June, 1996.

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Adeniyi Karimu Kotun Eyo Ita Frederick Lugard Herbert Macaulay Nnamdi Azikiwe


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