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Why The North Stopped Nigeria's Self-government In 1953 & How The Issue Led To The Kano Riot

In 1953, Chief Anthony Enahoro, a member of the Federal House of Representatives from the Southern region, moved the motion for self-government (independence) for Nigeria during plenary session. Enahoro and other Southern representatives agreed that the country should attain independence by 1956.

However, Northern representatives kicked against the motion, believing that the North wasn't ready for self-government at that time.

The motion for self-government and independence of the country led to the Kano Riot of 1953.

The poor connection between Northern and Southern political leaders over the topic of self-government by 1956 was a remote cause of the riot. This tense relationship dates back to a 1953 resolution for Nigerian self-government introduced in the House of Representatives by Chief Anthony Enahoro, a member of the Action Group (AG).

The motion was rejected by the Northerners. In a counter-movement, Alhaji Ahmadu Bello, the head of the Northern People's Congress (NPC) and the Sardauna of Sokoto, replaced "in the year 1956" with the term "as soon as practicable." Another Northern member of the House asked for adjournment, which Southern AG members and the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC) saw as delaying tactics. As a result of the adjournment motion, all AG and NCNC members in the house walked out.

When the Northern delegates left the House, they were met by angry crowds in Lagos who insulted, jeered, and called them names. Members of the Northern delegation were enraged, and at the Northern Regional Legislative House, they proposed secession in their "Eight Point Program."

The tour by a delegation of the AG and NCNC led by Chief Samuel Akintola was the final straw that broke the camel's back. The Kano riot was precipitated by that tour, which was intended to promote self-government. It set off a chain reaction of chaos that culminated in the riot. The incident occurred in Sabon Gari, a largely southern Nigerian neighborhood in Kano.

The riot led to the deaths of about 40 Nigerians in Kano and several others were injured. It also created enmity between Northern and Southern leaders.

The riot also led to the adoption of a federal system of government in 1954. Nigeria later gained independence in 1960.

Content created and supplied by: OfficialReporter (via Opera News )

AG Anthony Enahoro Federal House of Representatives Kano Riot North


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