Nigeria became independent on 1 October 1960 under the Parliament of the United Kingdom's Nigeria Independence Act. The Queen was head of state, though her constitutional roles in Nigeria were mostly delegated to the Governor-General of Nigeria.
The retention of the monarchy was unpopular with Nigerians, and all political parties in Nigeria agreed that the country should be a republic. Nigeria severed its relationship with the British monarchy, and adopted the President of Nigeria as head of state, on 1 October 1963.
A stamp of Nigeria overprinted to mark the Queen's visit in 1956
The Queen visited Nigeria twice: 28 January to 16 February 1956 and 3 to 6 December 2003, the latter time to attend the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2003.
1. 1 October 1960 – 1 June 1961: By the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith
2. 1 June 1961 – 1 October 1963: Elizabeth the Second, Queen of Nigeria, and of Her other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth
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