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Top 10 African Countries That First Got Their Independence

1. Liberia (July 26 1847):The Liberian Declaration of Independence is a document adopted by the Liberian Constitutional Convention on July 26, 1847, to announce that the Commonwealth of Liberia, a colony founded and controlled by the private American Colonization Society, was an independent state known as the Republic of Liberia. The Declaration was written by Hilary Teague and adopted simultaneously with the first Constitution of Liberia. The anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration and accompanying Constitution is celebrated as Independence Day in Liberia.

2. Egypt ( February 28 1922): The history of Egypt under the British lasts from 1882, when it was occupied by British forces during the Anglo-Egyptian War, until 1956, when the last British forces withdrew in accordance with the Anglo-Egyptian agreement of 1954 after the Suez Crisis. The first period of British rule (1882–1914) is often called the "veiled protectorate". During this time the Khedivate of Egypt remained an autonomous province of the Ottoman Empire, and the British occupation had no legal basis but constituted a de facto protectorate over the country. Egypt was thus not part of the British Empire. This state of affairs lasted until 1914 when the Ottoman Empire joined the First World War on the side of the Central Powers and Britain declared a protectorate over Egypt. The ruling khedive was deposed and his successor, Hussein Kamel, compelled to declare himself Sultan of Egypt independent of the Ottomans in December 1914.

3. South Africa (Dec 11 1937): Eight years after the end of the Second Boer War and after four years of negotiation, an act of the British Parliament (South Africa Act 1909) granted nominal independence, while creating the Union of South Africa on 31 May 1910.

4.Libya(December 24 1951):On 24 December 1951, Libya declared its independence as the United Kingdom of Libya, a constitutional and hereditary monarchy under King Idris, Libya's only monarch.

5. Sudan(January 1st 1956):On 1 January 1956, the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan gained independence as the Republic of the Sudan. Before 1955, however, the government under Ismail al-Azhari had temporarily halted Sudan's progress toward self-determination, hoping to promote unity with Egypt.

6. Tunisia (March 20 1956):The process of Tunisian Independence occurred from 1952 to 1956 between France and a separatist movement led by Habib Bourguiba. Bourguiba became the first Prime minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia after negotiations with France successfully brought an end to the colonial protectorate leading to independence.

7. Morocco (March 2 1956) :In late 1955, Mohammed V negotiates the independence of Morocco with both the French and the Spanish, who had the northern and southern parts of the country. On March 2, 1956, Morocco is officially declared independent and, one year later, Mohammed V's reign as king begins

8. Ghana(March 6 1957) :National. Independence from British colonial rule in 1957. ... Independence Day marks the declaration of independence from British colonial rule, by Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah on 6 March 1957. Ghana became the first sub-Saharan African country to achieve independence from British colonial rule.

9. Guinea( October 2 1958): The land that is now Guinea belonged to a series of African empires until France colonized it in the 1890s, and made it part of French West Africa. Guinea declared its independence from France on 2 October 1958.

10.Cameroon (January 1st 1960) :French Cameroon achieved independence on January 1, 1960 as La République du Cameroun. After Guinea, it was the second of France's colonies in Sub-Saharan Africa to become independent. On 21 February 1960, the new nation held a constitutional referendum. On 5 May 1960, Ahmadou Ahidjo became president.

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African American Colonization Society Egypt Liberia Liberian Declaration of Independence


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