The root of this concept of Africa as the centrepiece of Nigeria's policy could be traced to the regime of the first republic in Nigeria (1960-1966) headed by the Prime Minister, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa. According to him, we pertain to Africa and Africa must take the first scrutiny in our foreign relations.
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By Africa being the centrepiece of Nigeria's foreign policy, it means that Africa should be given a niche of pride in Nigeria's foreign policy formulation. A crucial landmark was reached in the conceptualization of the nations foreign policy when Africa was officially declared as the centrepiece of Nigeria's foreign policy by the regime of Murtala/Obasanjo.
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The principles of the notion Africa the centrepiece of Nigeria's foreign policy are the; Sovereignty and equality of all African states; Total eradication of racial bias and colonialism in Africa; To reject aggression, support the need for the restoration of fundamental human rights; Promoting friendly league among independent African states; Respect for and non-interference in the internal affairs of other African states.
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Nigeria has demonstrated that Africa is the centrepiece of her foreign policy by total eradication of colonialism in any part of Africa. For instance, the backing for the M.P.L.A led to the liberation of Angola. Shagari allotted 10Million naira to Zimbabwe for her independence celebration in 1980.
Nigeria's foreign policy formulation and also for the spirit of brotherhood, Nigeria has provided technical aid and expertise to sister African States, she established friendly relations with all African states.
Nigeria took an active role in the settlement of the political crisis in Liberia and Sierra Leone through the formation of ECOWAS, the promotion of economic cooperation and the Encouragement of Democracy.
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Nigeria is also involved in the establishment of ECOWAS in 1975 and African Economic Community are examples, Sports to Promote intra-Africa sports such as hosting important sporting events e.g All Africa games, Africa Nations Cup and so on. Nigeria has also facilitated cultural relations among the African States e.g FESTAC.
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