The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight goals with measurable and clear deadlines for improving the lives of the world's poorest people.
Nigeria was among the 189 countries from across the world that endorsed the United Nations Millennium Declaration in New York in September 2000, which led to the adoption of the eight time-bound Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and their indicators, to be achieved by respective countries by the year 2015. The eight MDGs were set and stated as follows:
● Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.
● Achieve universal primary education.
● Promote gender equality and empower women.
● Reduce child mortality.
● Improve maternal health.
● Ensure environmental sustainability.
● Develop a global partnership for development.
The implementation of the MDGs in Nigeria began in earnest when the Federal Government pledged to apply the savings accruable from the Paris Club Debt Relief Deal in 2005 to pro-poor programmes and projects.
Indeed, several policies, programmes and projects aimed at achieving the MDGs have been implemented as a result of the devotion of the savings from the external debt relief to implementing MDGs programmes and projects.
Nigeria has made appreciable progress in the attainment of MDGs in the last 14 years, particularly, in the area of universal primary education enrolment; achieving gender parity in education; reducing the spread of HIV and AIDS; reducing maternal death as well as halving the percentage of people living in absolute hunger for which it received a recognition from the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). Yet, in spite of such appreciable progress, some of the targets could not be met due to challenges in the areas of poverty, insecurity, social inequality, absence of inclusive growth and youth unemployment. It thus means that the MDGs implementation in Nigeria remains an unfnished business that needs to be rolled over to the successor SDG framework.
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