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RAMADAN 2020; Prayer Point for this Holy Month (Q 2:185)

Ramadan--the ninth month in the Islamic calendar when Muslims fast from dawn to dusk and engage in the spiritual reflection of God--is one of the most easily identifiable aspects of the religion. Fasting, which is typically the avoidance of food and/or drink, is part of most world religions. But fasting in Ramadan is a special part of the Islamic faith, one of its five pillars, and a time when rewards for fasting and worship are bountiful.

Tarawih "rest and relaxation", a term introduced later and actually called Qiyam al-Layl and Tahajjud in Qur'an and Sahih Hadith, refers to additional ritual prayers performed by Muslims at night after the Isha prayer during the holy month of Ramadan. It may involve reading one Juz' (Arabic: جُزْء, i.e a section of the Quran 1/30 its length, which generally takes somewhere between 20-60 minutes), and usually is 8 or 10 raka'at, lasting well over an hour in total. According to some scholar, there are 20 rakats . Unlike the five daily salat ritual prayers which are fard (obligatory) under Islamic law, tarawih is from the sunnah (recommended or lit. words and acts of the prophet Muhammad).


One of the first prayers I ever learned was the one all Muslims recite when they break their fast. I was barely four (and of course not fasting) when I learned it. And it was my job at iftaar (the fast-breaking meal at sunset) to recite this out loud, after which the fasting members of my family would break their fast with a date. Fasting does not end unless this prayer is recited:


“Allahuma inni laka sumtu wa bika aamantu wa ‘alayka tawakkaltu wa ‘ala rizq-ika aftarthu.”


“Oh Allah! I fasted for You and I believe in You [and I put my trust in You] and I break my fast with your sustenance.”


During the first 10 days of the months, reciting the following prayer provides extra benefits:

“Rabbigh fir war hum wa anta khair ur rahimeen.”

“Oh my Lord and Sustainer please forgive me and be merciful to me. You are the best amongst those who show mercy.”

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Muslims Qur'an Quran Ramadan Tarawih

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