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The Law of Inheritance in the Qur'an

Many times we have come across Muslims boasting that there is not a single error in the Qur'an which is the central text of 1.6billion souls. This is because the Qur'an itself says:

اَفَلَا يَتَدَبَّرُوْنَ الْقُرْاٰ نَ ۗ وَلَوْ كَا نَ مِنْ عِنْدِ غَيْرِ اللّٰهِ لَوَجَدُوْا فِيْهِ اخْتِلَا فًا كَثِيْرًا

"Then do they not reflect upon the Qur'an? If it had been from [any] other than Allah, they would have found within it much contradiction."

(QS. An-Nisaa 4: Verse 82)

This is an acid test thrown out by Almighty Allah that if a contradiction or error can be found within the verses of the Qur'an then allah couldn't have being the author.

Before I proceed, the Qur'an claims to be a cleared book.

كِتٰبٌ فُصِّلَتْ اٰيٰتُهٗ قُرْاٰ نًا عَرَبِيًّا لِّقَوْمٍ يَّعْلَمُوْنَ ۙ

"A Book whose verses have been detailed, an Arabic Qur'an for a people who know,"

(QS. Fussilat 41: Verse 3)

The ayat of the Qur'an under scrutiny here is Suratul An-Nisaa (Women): it is the fourth Surah of the Qur'an

يُوْصِيْكُمُ اللّٰهُ فِيْۤ اَوْلَا دِكُمْ لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ الْاُ نْثَيَيْنِ ۚ فَاِ نْ كُنَّ نِسَآءً فَوْقَ اثْنَتَيْنِ فَلَهُنَّ ثُلُثَا مَا تَرَكَ ۚ وَاِ نْ كَا نَتْ وَا حِدَةً فَلَهَا النِّصْفُ ۗ وَلِاَ بَوَيْهِ لِكُلِّ وَا حِدٍ مِّنْهُمَا السُّدُسُ مِمَّا تَرَكَ اِنْ كَا نَ لَهٗ وَلَدٌ ۚ فَاِ نْ لَّمْ يَكُنْ لَّهٗ وَلَدٌ وَّوَرِثَهٗۤ اَبَوٰهُ فَلِاُ مِّهِ الثُّلُثُ ۗ فَاِ نْ كَا نَ لَهٗۤ اِخْوَةٌ فَلِاُ مِّهِ السُّدُسُ مِنْۢ بَعْدِ وَصِيَّةٍ يُّوْصِيْ بِهَاۤ اَوْ دَيْنٍ ۗ اٰبَآ ؤُكُمْ وَاَ بْنَآ ؤُكُمْ ۚ لَا تَدْرُوْنَ اَيُّهُمْ اَقْرَبُ لَـكُمْ نَفْعًا ۗ فَرِيْضَةً مِّنَ اللّٰهِ ۗ اِنَّ اللّٰهَ كَا نَ عَلِيْمًا حَكِيْمًا

"Allah instructs you concerning your children: for the male, what is equal to the share of two females. But if there are [only] daughters, two or more, for them is two thirds of one's estate. And if there is only one, for her is half. And for one's parents, to each one of them is a sixth of his estate if he left children. But if he had no children and the parents [alone] inherit from him, then for his mother is one third. And if he had brothers [or sisters], for his mother is a sixth, after any bequest he [may have] made or debt. Your parents or your children - you know not which of them are nearest to you in benefit. [These shares are] an obligation [imposed] by Allah. Indeed, Allah is ever Knowing and Wise."

(QS. An-Nisaa 4: Verse 11)

The first Part of the Qur'an 4:11 says a male Child inherits twice the Female portion.

Then the Qur'an proceeded that where a man was survived by two or More daughters they inherit ⅔ (two third) of his estate. The Two parents took 1/6 (One sixth) each and the Wife ⅛.

⅔ + 1/6+1/6+⅛= 1 ⅛. This is more than one.

Maybe My Calculation was wrong.

Then the Qur'an introduced another condition which is if the man has only a daughter. The daughter received half of the estate which is ½, The two parents take 1/6 s and the Wife 1/8.

This is : ½ + ¹/6+ ¹/6 + ¹/8= 23/24. This is short of ¹/24. Who inherits the 1/24?

To drive the final nail into the coffin.

The Qur'an supports Polygamy

Allah SWT said:

وَاِ نْ خِفْتُمْ اَ لَّا تُقْسِطُوْا فِى الْيَتٰمٰى فَا نْكِحُوْا مَا طَا بَ لَـكُمْ مِّنَ النِّسَآءِ مَثْنٰى وَثُلٰثَ وَرُبٰعَ ۚ فَاِ نْ خِفْتُمْ اَ لَّا تَعْدِلُوْا فَوَا حِدَةً اَوْ مَا مَلَـكَتْ اَيْمَا نُكُمْ ۗ ذٰلِكَ اَدْنٰۤى اَلَّا تَعُوْلُوْا ۗ

"And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you of [other] women, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. That is more suitable that you may not incline [to injustice]."

(QS. An-Nisaa 4: Verse 3)

Let's dabble into the above situation and see how the inheritance can be shared in a polygamous setting.

⅔ + 1/6+1/6+⅛+⅛+⅛+⅛= 1 ½

This is more than the deceased property by a half. What do we make of is mathematical blunder?

In the next article , we will consider if this Qur'an law of inheritance worked base on Prophet Muhammad's children and wives

Content created and supplied by: The_Son_of_The_Second_Caliph (via Opera News )

Almighty Allah Arabic Law of Muslims Suratul An-Nisaa


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