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What does the Bible say about working on Sunday? Is it a sin?

Working on Sunday is definitely not a sin. Working on Sunday is not prohibited in the Bible. The idea that Christians should not be working on Sunday comes from a misunderstanding of Old Testament Sabbath keeping for the Israelites and its relation to Sunday worship for Christians. According to Exodus 20:8–11, the Sabbath is the seventh day of the week on which the Israelites were to rest in remembrance that God created the universe in six days and then “rested” on the seventh day. “Keeping the Sabbath holy” was defined as not working on the Sabbath.

First of all many Christians have been mislead into believing Sunday is the Sabbath. There isn’t a single verse in the Bible that supports such a concept. The Biblical Sabbath starts on Friday 6pm and goes to Saturday 6pm.

Secondly the Christian Sabbath law is different than the Jewish Sabbath law. The Jews are to rest on the Sabbath. But of Christians it’s written, “One man considers one day more sacred than another; another man considers every day alike. Each one should be fully convinced in his own mind. He who regards one day as special, does so to the Lord. He who eats meat, eats to the Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who abstains, does so to the Lord and gives thanks to God.” Rom 14:5,6 and “Therefore do not let anyone judge you

by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day.” Col 2:16

The Sabbath day was established so the Israelites would rest from their labors, only to begin again after a one day rest. Why, then, do Christians not have to observe the same law? The key to understanding this is to see that the various elements of the Sabbath symbolized the coming of the Messiah, who would fulfill the Law by providing a permanent as opposed to a one day rest for His people. With the establishment of the Old Testament Law, the Jews were constantly “laboring” to make themselves acceptable to God. Their labors included trying to obey all the commandments of the ceremonial law, the temple law, and the sacrificial law. Of course, they couldn’t possibly keep all those laws, so God provided an array of sin offerings and sacrifices so they could come to Him for forgiveness and restore fellowship with Him, but only temporarily.

Paul understood that many of the Jews still clung to the Old Covenant laws and were judging others for not keeping them. Paul’s reaction should be our reaction. He said in Colossians 2:16, “Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration or a Sabbath day." Some in the church were judging others over things that were done away with by Christ on the cross of Calvary. The same principle applies to clean and unclean foods as it does to which days we can worship God on or what days we may have to work. Paul and the writer of Hebrews said, “They forbid people to marry and order them to abstain from certain foods, which God created to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and who know the truth" (1 Timothy 4:3) however these were, “only a matter of food and drink and various ceremonial washings external regulations applying until the time of the new order" (Hebrews 9:10) because these kinds of strange teachings “are of no value” to us today (Hebrews 13:9).

The conclusion is that observing the Sabbath, either on the actual day (Saturday) or on Sunday, is perfectly acceptable, but is not a biblical command. If a person feels led to rest on Sunday to honor God, it is acceptable to do so based on their faith. Rather than judge one another in this area, believers are called to accept one another, realizing, "each of us will give an account of himself to God" (Romans 14:12).

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