St. Peters Basilica (Vatican City)15,160 m sq
The Papal Basilica of St. Peter in Vatican City is the largest church in the world. Renaissance artists like Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno, and Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed this church. St. Peter's Basilica is also believed to be the burial site of Jesus’s disciple and the “first pope,” Apostle Peter. The church is central to the Catholic faith as it is also the venue where it buries Popes. The Basilica’s dome is very conspicuous in the skies of Rome and both the interior and exterior of the church have complex yet unique architecture in a cruciform shape, which is meant to symbolize the crucifixion of Jesus. This church covers an area of 15,160 squared meters.
The Papal Basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican ( Italian : Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano ), or simply Saint Peter's Basilica ( Latin : Basilica Sancti Petri ), is a church built in the Renaissance style located in Vatican City , the papal enclave which is within the city of Rome.
St. Peter's is famous as a place of pilgrimage and for its liturgical functions. The pope presides at a number of liturgies throughout the year both within the basilica or the adjoining St. Peter's Square; these liturgies draw audiences numbering from 15,000 to over 80,000 people. St. Peter's has many historical associations, with the Early Christian Church , the Papacy , the Protestant Reformation and Catholic Counter-reformation and numerous artists,especially Michelangelo. As a work of architecture, it is regarded as the greatest building of its age. St. Peter's is one of the four churches in the world that hold the rank of major basilica , all four of which are in Rome. Contrary to popular misconception, it is not a cathedral because it is not the seat of a bishop; the cathedra of the pope as Bishop of Rome is at Saint John Lateran.
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