Hausa animism otherwise known as "Maguzanci" or Bori is a traditional practised by the Hausa people of West Africa before the advent of Islam. It involved magic and spirit possession. Most of the people who practised this religion accepted Islam after the 18th century Jihad by the Islamic revolutionary Uthman Danfodio.
Animism became a state religion which was anchored by the ruling-class priestess. During the Jihad era,when Islam started making headway into Hausa land in the 14th century, certain aspects of the religion such as idolatory were heavily sidelined. Despite being sidelined, The Bori spirit possession priestesses maintained nominal influence over the Sultanates that replaced the former Animist kingdoms. Priestesses had encounter with spirits through various dance ritual, hoping to guide and maintain the state's ruling houses. To some extent, some aspects of the hausa traditional religion were merged with Islam.
Muslim scholars of the early 19th century disapproved of the merging that was practised,overzealous Muslims were to use the merging as an excuse to overthrow the Sultanates and form the Sokoto Caliphate. With the birth of the Caliphate, Hausa traditional practices were partially suppressed.
However,ancient possession rituals survived in the Hausa refugee states such as southern Niger and in some rural areas of Nigerian Hausaland. The powerful advisory roles of women, portrayed by the ancient hausa priestesses, either disappeared or were transferred to Muslim women in community leadership roles. Historically,we can recall that British and French colonialism gave little attention to women,the only offered little space for women in the cadres of indirect rule.
Content created and supplied by: Popfactory (via Opera News )
Opera News is a free to use platform and the views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the author and do not represent, reflect or express the views of Opera News. Any/all written content and images displayed are provided by the blogger/author, appear herein as submitted by the blogger/author and are unedited by Opera News. Opera News does not consent to nor does it condone the posting of any content that violates the rights (including the copyrights) of any third party, nor content that may malign, inter alia, any religion, ethnic group, organization, gender, company, or individual. Opera News furthermore does not condone the use of our platform for the purposes encouraging/endorsing hate speech, violation of human rights and/or utterances of a defamatory nature. If the content contained herein violates any of your rights, including those of copyright, and/or violates any the above mentioned factors, you are requested to immediately notify us using via the following email address operanews-external(at)opera.com and/or report the article using the available reporting functionality built into our Platform See More