Abraham is the main patriarch of the bible. He is the ancestor of Judaism, Christianity, Islam. The beginning of his story in the first chapters of Genesis relates that his initial name was Abram, then becomes Abraham which means "father of a multitude of nations". In the Koran, he is named Ibrahim.
The trial of sacrifice is one of the most striking of those which Abraham faced. It was a time when he again showed all the greatness of his faith, his submission and his total trust in God.
The bible does not always speak of Abraham in the same way that the Koran does of Ibrahim. Regarding the test of sacrifice the bible and the Koran do not have the same version.
The biblical version of Abraham's story.
Reading Genesis 22: 1-13 tells us about the trial of the sacrifice. When we read verses 1 and 2 of chapter 22 "After these things God put Abraham to the test, and said to him: Abraham! And he answered: Here I am! God said: take your son, your only one, the one you love, Isaac; go into the land of Moriah, and offer it there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains that I will tell you. Here we see clearly that the son in question is Isaac the child of Sarah, and when we continue until verses 10 to 13 the Bible says: Then Abraham stretched out his hand, and took the knife, to slaughter his son.
Then the angel of Jehovah called to him from heaven, and said, Abraham! Abraham! and he said: here I am! The angel said do not put your hand on the child, and do nothing to him; for I know now that you fear God, and that you have not refused me your only one. Abraham looked up, and saw behind him a ram held in a bush by the horns; and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered it up as a burnt offering instead of his son.
The Islamic version of Ibrahim's story.
As for the Islamic version, the sacrifice Abraham agrees to make is a dialogue between himself and the magnanimous son. Here are some episodes that the Koran evokes without however specifying the name of the child. It is found in Koran 37: 102-107 When this one was old enough to accompany him, [Abraham] said: O my son I see myself in a dream immolating you. So see what you think of it. ”He said:“ O my dear father, do as you have commanded, you will find me please God among the number of the enduring.
”Then when they were both gone submitted and laid him on his forehead, we called him "Abraham!" You just confirmed the dream. This is how we reward the beneficent This was certainly the obvious test. And we ransomed him with a generous immolation. To confirm that the child was Ishmael, we rely on a hadith where the prophet Muhammad is called by a Bedouin `` son of the two slain '' This hadith leaves suppose that it was Ishmael who was intended for the sacrifice.
What there is like convergence between these two accounts is the way of the angel or that of God who challenged Abraham not to sacrifice his son who was replaced by a ram. What is beyond dispute is that Christians and Muslims are cousins.
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