1. Turnip Rock
Turnip Rock is a relatively small stacked rock formation located in the shallow waters off the shore of Lake Huron, in Michigan’s Thumb.
The area around the rock is considered one of the most beautiful spots in all of Michigan (and an excellent place for kayaking or canoeing, which is the only way to reach Turnip Rock, itself).
The rock, which looks like a small upside-down mountain, was formed over time by waves eroding at the soft limestone, until, frankly, the whole bottom of it was gone.
Formally known as the Richat Structure , the Eye of the Sahara looks like a bullseye from above.
Located in the Sahara desert, it is a dome-shaped rock structure about 50 km across. Once thought to have been caused by a meteorite impact, it is now believed to have formed from uplifted rock that was later eroded.
3. The Giant’s Causeway
The Giant's Causeway is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Northern Ireland, located on its North Coast, and was voted the fourth greatest natural wonder in the United Kingdom by a radio station, so you know this thing is good.
It is made up of 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, formed by an ancient volcanic fissure eruption.
The tops of the columns are little hexagonal stepping stones that lead off the cliff and into the sea, disappearing under it.
4. Wave Rock, Australia
This concave rock is 14 m high and 110 m long. It is part of the northern side of Hyden Rock, a giant granite outcrop over 2.7 billion years old, located in Hyden Wildlife Park in Western Australia.
The wave is believed to have formed by the action of running water on granite. The colourful streaks on its face are made of minerals left behind by rainwater run-off.
5. Devil’s Postpile
The Devil's Postpile is located in the Mammoth Mountains of eastern California and is made up of around 400 oddly clumped-together basalt columns formed around 100,000 years ago by a cooling lava flow cracking the rocks into multi-sided formations, in the valley of the San Joaquin River.
The columns come in all sorts of varying heights and sizes and appear quite polished and shiny due to glacial action over the years. It actually used to be much taller than it is now and continues to erode, the river below eating away at pieces that fall into the water.
6. Horseshoe Bend (Arizona, USA)
Just outside of Page in Arizona, there is an amazing site called Horseshoe Bend. Over millennia, the Colorado River has cut a deep gorge in the rock, which wraps around in a breathtaking horseshoe shape.
There can be dramatic changes in the brightness of the images one gets at different times of the day with changing positions of the sun.
It is sometimes scary for the tourist, as there are no guard railings at the edge of the cliff. For another angle, you might enjoy taking in the rock formation from a raft on the river below.
7. Ice Towers of Mount Erebus, Antarctica
Antarctica's Mount Erebus, an active volcano that rises 12,448 feet (3,794 meters) above the Earth's surface, is home to giant, hollow towers of ice.
These form when fumaroles cracks in the Earth's crust that vent hot gas spew steam into the open air, which is so cold in the Antarctic that it freezes the steam in place, creating chimneys up to 30 feet (10 m) tall.
8. Skull Rock
One of the most well-known strange rock formations in the world, Skull Rock is located in the serene desert of Joshua Tree National Park in Southern California, just outside of Palm Springs. It is, clearly, a rock in the shape of a huge skull.
The skull was formed over the years by rain eroding its surface, including the eye sockets, where water became trapped long enough to erode the rock into little pits.
The large skull is a favorite among desert hikers and walkers visiting Joshua Tree National Park.
9. Painted Cliffs (Tasmania)
Those interested in geological periods will undoubtedly enjoy seeing the Painted Cliffs of Maria Island in Tasmania.
The percolation of groundwater through the sandstone millions of years ago left traces of iron oxides, thus creating a 100-metre stretch of beautiful patterns that look almost like paintwork.
The weathering of the crystals has now formed honeycomb patterns, but it is still magical. The abundant wildlife around makes it an even more incredible spot for tourists.
10. Devil's Tower (Wyoming, USA)
Northeastern Wyoming has the honour of being home to the first United States National Monument Devil's Tower.
This geologically unique feature is quite sacred and is a place of worship for the Lakota and other tribes. The formation of this giant structure is still debatable, but most geologists consider it to be an igneous intrusion a formation created by the underground cooling and condensing of magma.
Interestingly, this tower remained underground (and invisible) for millennia, but erosion has since exposed it. This erosion is happening even now, due to rains and snow.
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